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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 11 — Apr. 10, 1999
  • pp: 2240–2248

Electronic and optical moiré interference with microchannel plates: artifacts and benefits

Anton S. Tremsin, Oswald H. W. Siegmund, Mark A. Gummin, Patrick N. Jelinsky, and Josef M. Stock  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 11, pp. 2240-2248 (1999)

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The spatial resolution of position-sensitive detectors that use stacks of microchannel plates (MCP’s) with high-resolution anodes can be better than 20-µm FWHM [Proc. SPIE 3114, 283–294 (1997)]. At this level of accuracy, channel misalignments of the MCP’s in the stack can cause observable moiré interference patterns. We show that the flat-field detector response can have moiré beat pattern modulations of as great as ∼27% with periods from as small as a few channel diameters to as great as the size of a MCP multifiber. These modulations, however, may be essentially eliminated by rotation of the MCP’s or by a mismatch of the channel sizes. We also discuss how the modulation phenomena can be a useful tool for mapping the metric nonlinearities of MCP detector readout systems. Employing the optical moiré effect, we demonstrate a simple, but effective, technique for evaluation of geometrical deformations simultaneously over a large MCP area. For a typical MCP, with a 60-channel-wide multifiber, we can obtain accuracies of 1.2 mrad for multifiber rotations and twists and 35/(L/ p) mrad for channel-long axis distortions (where L/ p is MCP thickness to interchannel distance ratio). This technique may be used for the development of MCP x-ray optics, which impose tight limitations on geometrical distortions, which in turn are not otherwise easily measurable with high accuracy.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.7190) Detectors : Ultraviolet
(110.2970) Imaging systems : Image detection systems
(110.7440) Imaging systems : X-ray imaging
(120.3940) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrology
(120.4120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Moire' techniques
(350.6090) Other areas of optics : Space optics

Original Manuscript: August 17, 1998
Revised Manuscript: January 11, 1999
Published: April 10, 1999

Anton S. Tremsin, Oswald H. W. Siegmund, Mark A. Gummin, Patrick N. Jelinsky, and Josef M. Stock, "Electronic and optical moiré interference with microchannel plates: artifacts and benefits," Appl. Opt. 38, 2240-2248 (1999)

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