To evaluate the Earth’s surface with a sensor on a satellite, it is important for one to use a correction factor such as atmospheric turbulence. The spatial coherence of light influenced by turbulence was measured in the laboratory by use of a simulator equipped with a multiple reflection system. The turbulence was generated by changing the ambient temperatures from 32 to 48 °C. It was found that the spatial coherence of light that passed through the turbulent region decreased when the temperature increased. Double-slit interference fringes were analyzed by a photographic method. The visibility of the interference fringes is the degree of coherence.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.7060) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Turbulence
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(030.7060) Coherence and statistical optics : Turbulence
Hiroshi Okayama and Li-Zhong Wang, "Measurement of the Spatial Coherence of Light Influenced by Turbulence," Appl. Opt. 38, 2342-2345 (1999)