Since 1989 Service d’Aéronomie du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique has used an incoherent Doppler lidar technique for wind measurements in the atmosphere. A new-generation Rayleigh–Mie Doppler lidar has been designed and is currently operated at the Observatoire de Haute Provence (France). We give a detailed description of this instrument and highlight two important upgrades leading to quasi-simultaneous and absolute measurements of the wind from ≈8 to 50 km altitude. The possible sources of error are identified and quantified in terms of accuracy in the wind determination. Experimental results are given in detail, and a validation of the measurements is performed with the help of ancillary data. A first climatological description of the mean wind is briefly reported.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(280.1310) Remote sensing and sensors : Atmospheric scattering
(280.3340) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
Claude Souprayen, Anne Garnier, Albert Hertzog, Alain Hauchecorne, and Jacques Porteneuve, "Rayleigh-Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. I. Instrumental setup, validation, and first climatological results," Appl. Opt. 38, 2410-2421 (1999)