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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 1999
  • pp: 2422–2431

Rayleigh–Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. II. Mie scattering effect, theory, and calibration

Claude Souprayen, Anne Garnier, and Albert Hertzog  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 12, pp. 2422-2431 (1999)

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A theoretical and experimental study is conducted for the direct-detection Doppler Lidar developed by the Service d’Aéronomie du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. Thanks to a specific design, the double-edge technique that applies primarily to Rayleigh scattering can also be employed in presence of aerosols backscatter. We focus on a careful estimate of the particle-induced error on the wind measurements. With a theoretical model for the Fabry–Perot interferometer and two sets of calibration measurements, the true spectral properties of the interferometer and the calibration curves are recovered. Furthermore, the particle-induced error is estimated for varying values of the scattering ratio at 532 nm. When applied to real atmospheric signals, this error is shown to be negligible. A comparison between ancillary data and the wind and backscatter ratio as retrieved from the Doppler lidar signals confirms our estimate.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring
(280.3340) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.1090) Scattering : Aerosol and cloud effects

Original Manuscript: September 15, 1998
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 1998
Published: April 20, 1999

Claude Souprayen, Anne Garnier, and Albert Hertzog, "Rayleigh–Mie Doppler wind lidar for atmospheric measurements. II. Mie scattering effect, theory, and calibration," Appl. Opt. 38, 2422-2431 (1999)

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