OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 1999
  • pp: 2586–2593

Laser Remote-Sensing System Analysis for Search and Rescue

Christopher T. Field and Pamela S. Millar  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 12, pp. 2586-2593 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.002586


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (173 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We develop a general model of a laser remote-sensing system for search and rescue using targets marked with fluorescent dye. The dye fluoresces at a longer peak wavelength than the incident radiation, enabling a dye-covered target to be distinguished from the unshifted ground echo by the search system. The principal result is a simple expression derived for the average laser power required to search at a particular rate given a required ground energy density. A similar expression is applicable to imaging lidar systems. The example system shown indicates that active probing for lost planes may be practical.

[Optical Society of America ]

OCIS Codes
(160.2540) Materials : Fluorescent and luminescent materials
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors

Citation
Christopher T. Field and Pamela S. Millar, "Laser Remote-Sensing System Analysis for Search and Rescue," Appl. Opt. 38, 2586-2593 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-12-2586


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. “Government agencies install new technology emergency locator transmitters on mission aircraft,” Press Release 96–178 (NASA Headquarters, Washington D.C., 30 August 1996); http://www.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/1996/96–178.txt.
  2. Search and Rescue Synthetic Aperture Radar SAR2 pamphlet (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Search and Rescue Mission, Code 480, Greenbelt, Md. 20771).
  3. W. Vest, Director of Flight Operation for the Maryland Civil Air Patrol, 12694 Valley Oaks Court, Fairfax, Va. 22033 (personal communication, 1995).
  4. A. J. Hand, “Laser searches for downed aircraft,” Photonics Spectra 54–55 (May 1998).
  5. News column in Aviation Week & Space Technology, p. 47 (19 August 1974).
  6. News story, “Laser tested in search/rescue roles, Aviation Week & Space Technology, p. 51 (9 September 1974).
  7. R. S. Hughes, “Automatic night search and rescue system,” U.S. patent 3839639 (1 October 1974).
  8. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering media,” Nature (London) 368, 436–438 (1994).
  9. N. M. Lawandy, “Paint-on lasers light up the way to new technologies,” Photonics Spectra 28(7), 119–124 (1994).
  10. American National Standards for Safe Use of Lasers (American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd Street, New York, N.Y. 10036, 1993).
  11. J. B. Blair and D. B. Coyle, “Vegetation and topography mapping with an airborne laser altimeter using a high-efficiency laser and a scannable field-of-view telescope,” Proceedings of the Second International Airborne Remote Sensing Conference and Exhibition (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1996), Vol. 2, pp. 403–407.
  12. G. J. Zissis, ed., Infrared and Electro-Optical Systems Handbook. Vol. 1 of Sources of Radiation (Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1993).
  13. M. Andersson, H. Edner, J. Johansson, P. Ragnarson, S. Svanberg, and E. Wallinder, “Remote monitoring of vegetation by spectral measurements and multi-colour fluorescence imaging,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Toulouse France, January 1994).
  14. W. L. Nighan and B. Craig, “DPSS lasers challenge water-cooled ion lasers,” Laser Focus World 32, 63–70 (1996).
  15. Lightwave Electronics data sheet on the 210G laser (Lightwave Electronics, 2400 Charleston Road, Mountain View, Calif. 94043).
  16. R. E. Hermes, “Lasing performance of pyrromethene-BF2 laser dyes in a solid polymer host,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE 2115, 178–183 (1994).
  17. A. Maslyukov, S. Sokolov, M. Kaivola, K. Nyholm, and S. Popov, “Solid-state dye laser with modified poly(methyl methacrylate)-doped active elements,” Appl. Opt. 34, 1516–1518 (1995).
  18. A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, and V. S. Nechitailo, “Modified polymers—effective host materials for solid-state dye lasers and laser beam control elements: a review,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE 2115, 136–147 (1994).
  19. W. J. Kessler, L. Pedulla, and S. J. Davis, “Novel solid state dye laser host,” in Visible and UV Lasers, R. Schaps, ed., Proc. SPIE 2115, 190–201 (1994).
  20. A. A. Ishchenko, “Structure and spectral-luminescent properties of polymethine dyes. V. Spectral-luminescent properties of polymethine dyes in polymeric matrices,” Russ. Chem. Rev. 60(8), 875–877 (1991).
  21. R. F. Kubin and A. N. Fletcher, “Fluorescence quantum yields of some Rhodamine dyes,” J. Lumin. 27, 455–463 (1982).
  22. M. A. Noginov, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, and P. Venkateswarlu, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
  23. R. M. Balachandran and N. M. Lawandy, “Interface reflection effects in photonic paint,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1271–1273 (1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited