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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 1999
  • pp: 2594–2604

Tunable Fabry–Perot etalon-based long-wavelength infrared imaging spectroradiometer

William J. Marinelli, Christopher M. Gittins, Alan H. Gelb, and B. David Green  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 12, pp. 2594-2604 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.002594


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Abstract

Imaging spectrometry enables passive, stand-off detection and analysis of the chemical composition of gas plumes and surfaces over wide geographic areas. We describe the use of a long-wavelength infrared imaging spectroradiometer, comprised of a low-order tunable Fabry–Perot etalon coupled to a HgCdTe detector array, to perform multispectral detection of chemical vapor plumes. The tunable Fabry–Perot etalon used in this research provides coverage of the 9.5–14-µm spectral region with a resolution of 7–9 cm-1. The etalon-based imaging system provides the opportunity to image a scene at only those wavelengths needed for chemical species identification and quantification and thereby minimize the data volume necessary for selective species detection. We present initial results using a brassboard imaging system for stand-off detection and quantification of chemical vapor plumes against near-ambient-temperature backgrounds. These data show detection limits of 22 parts per million by volume times meter (ppmv × m) and 0.6 ppmv × m for dimethyl methyphosphonate and SF6, respectively, for a gas/background ΔT of 6 K. The system noise-equivalent spectral radiance is approximately 2 µW cm-2 sr-1 µm-1. Model calculations are presented comparing the measured sensitivity of the sensor to the anticipated signal levels for two chemical release scenarios.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.3060) Detectors : Infrared
(110.3080) Imaging systems : Infrared imaging
(120.1880) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Detection
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring
(300.6340) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, infrared

History
Original Manuscript: July 22, 1998
Revised Manuscript: November 25, 1998
Published: April 20, 1999

Citation
William J. Marinelli, Christopher M. Gittins, Alan H. Gelb, and B. David Green, "Tunable Fabry–Perot etalon-based long-wavelength infrared imaging spectroradiometer," Appl. Opt. 38, 2594-2604 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-12-2594

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