The Hartmann test is a well-known technique for testing large telescope mirrors. The Hartmann technique samples the wave front under analysis by use of a screen of uniformly spaced array of holes located at the pupil plane. The traditional technique used to gather quantitative data requires the measurement of the centroid of these holes as imaged near the paraxial focus. The deviation from its unaberrated uniform position is proportional to the slope of the wave-front asphericity. The centroid estimation is normally done manually with the aid of a microscope or a densitometer; however, newer automatic fringe-processing techniques that use the synchronous detection technique or the Fourier phase-estimation method may also be used. Here we propose a new technique based on a regularized phase-tracking (RPT) system to detect the transverse aberration in Hartmanngrams in a direct way. That is, it takes the dotted pattern of the Hartmanngram as input, and as output the RPT system gives the unwrapped transverse ray aberration in just one step. Our RPT is compared with the synchronous and the Fourier methods, which may be regarded as its closest competitors.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 21, 1998
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 1998
Published: May 1, 1999
Manuel Servin, Francisco Javier Cuevas, Daniel Malacara, and Jose Luis Marroquin, "Direct ray aberration estimation in Hartmanngrams by use of a regularized phase-tracking system," Appl. Opt. 38, 2862-2869 (1999)