OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 1999
  • pp: 3019–3024

Holographic diffractive collimators based on recording with homocentric diverging beams for diode lasers

Miroslav Miler, Ivo Koudela, and Ivo Aubrecht  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 14, pp. 3019-3024 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (457 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A single collimating transmission off-axis blazed surface-relief holographic diffractive element that corrects the ellipticity and the astigmatism of a diode-laser beam was designed. The procedure was applied to a hypothetical laser operating at a wavelength of 633 nm that possesses extremely large astigmatism and relatively small ellipticity together with small diverging angles of the laser beam. The element was recorded with only homocentric diverging beams that had pure spherical wave fronts. Because of the off-axis nature of the element, the aberration of asymmetry had to be corrected. The element was tested in a reciprocal way when the incident wave was a collimated He–Ne laser beam. A diffraction-limited beam was obtained that was as large as approximately half of the designed aperture.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(090.2890) Holography : Holographic optical elements
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping

Original Manuscript: July 27, 1998
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 1998
Published: May 10, 1999

Miroslav Miler, Ivo Koudela, and Ivo Aubrecht, "Holographic diffractive collimators based on recording with homocentric diverging beams for diode lasers," Appl. Opt. 38, 3019-3024 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Gilbreath, A. E. Clement, J. W. Wagner, “Holographic optical elements which diffract efficiently in the near-infrared for operation with laser diodes for spacecraft communications,” in Practical Holography II, T. H. Jeong, ed., Proc. SPIE747, 43–50 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Sinzinger, K.-H. Brenner, J. Moisel, T. Spick, M. Testorf, “Astigmatic gradient-index elements for laser-diode collimation and beam shaping,” Appl. Opt. 34, 6626–6632 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Ogata, Y. Ito, “Laser-diode collimating light sources using micro-Fresnel lenses,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3656–3662 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Hessler, M. Rossi, R. E. Kunz, “Diffractive optical elements for laser diodes,” in Technical Digest of the Workshop on Diffractive Optics, J. Turunen, F. Wyrowski, eds. (Nederlandse Philips Bedrijven B.V., The Netherlands, 1995), pp. 32–33.
  5. H. P. Herzig, “Holographic optical elements (HOE) for semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Commun. 58, 144–148 (1986). [CrossRef]
  6. J. T. Chang, D. C. Su, Z. X. Huang, Y. T. Huang, “A substrate-mode collimating and beam shaping element for laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 919–921 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Amitai, J. W. Goodman, “Analytic design of an achromatic double grating coupler,” Appl. Opt. 30, 2970–2974 (1990). [CrossRef]
  8. A. Aharoni, J. W. Goodman, Y. Amitai, “Beam-correcting holographic doublet for focusing multimode laser diodes,” Opt. Lett. 18, 179–181 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. K. Sheridon, “Production of blazed holograms,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 316–319 (1968). [CrossRef]
  10. I. Aubrecht, M. Miler, “Diffraction efficiency of holographic blazed diffraction gratings,” Czech. J. Phys. 41, 1231–1237 (1991). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Delort, D. Maystre, J. P. Laude, “Perfect blazing for transmission gratings: generalization and numerical verification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 2034–2040 (1996). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Miler, I. Aubrecht, I. Koudela, “Efficiency of transmission surface-relief holographic gratings for backplane interconnects,” in Optics for Science and Technology, J. S. Chang, J. H. Lee, S. Y. Lee, C. H. Nam, eds., Proc. SPIE2778, 217–218 (1996).
  13. E. B. Champagne, “Nonparaxial imaging, magnification, and aberration properties in holography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 51–55 (1967). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited