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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1999
  • pp: 3166–3174

Contribution of Raman Scattering to Water-Leaving Radiance: a Reexamination

Howard R. Gordon  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 15, pp. 3166-3174 (1999)

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We have reexamined the contribution of Raman scattering to the water-leaving radiance in case 1 waters by carrying out radiative transfer simulations that combine the latest reported measurements of the absorption coefficient of pure water with direct measurements of the spectral variation of the Raman-scattering coefficient. The resulting contribution of Raman scattering is then compared with experimental measurements of the water-leaving radiance, and the fractional contribution of radiance produced by Raman scattering to the total radiance measured at a given wavelength is determined. The results show that (1) the contribution of Raman scattering to the water-leaving radiance in an ocean of pure seawater is as much as 50–100% larger than earlier predictions, and (2) the Raman contribution does not decay as rapidly with increasing concentrations of chlorophyllouslike pigments <i>C</i> as predicted earlier. In fact, the Raman fraction for <i>C</i> ? 1 mg/m<sup>3</sup> is approximately ?8% at wavelengths of interest in ocean color remote sensing and therefore cannot be ignored in ocean color modeling.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.4450) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Oceanic optics
(010.7340) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Water
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(290.5860) Scattering : Scattering, Raman

Howard R. Gordon, "Contribution of Raman Scattering to Water-Leaving Radiance: a Reexamination," Appl. Opt. 38, 3166-3174 (1999)

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