OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1999
  • pp: 3239–3248

Analysis of an optically controlled photonic switch

Alfred E. Attard  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 15, pp. 3239-3248 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1424 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The principle that the coupling of light between two fiber waveguides can be controlled by the resonant interference of a third waveguide has been developed [Attard, Appl. Opt. 37, 2296–2302 (1998)]. Here significant details concerning the operation of a photonic switch are obtained, and a more complete analysis is presented. Multiple-resonant conditions are identified for slab and fiber control waveguides at large indices of refraction. Thus a selection of materials with an appropriate refractive index and a Kerr coefficient is rendered more easily. Furthermore it is shown that the light used to control the index of refraction in the control waveguide does not enter the output of the photonic switch but remains confined to the control waveguide, for either a slab or a multimode fiber control waveguide. Spatial fluctuations of the control light beam in the control waveguide do not affect the operation of the photonic switch. Tolerances have been determined for the spacing between the control waveguide and the photonic coupler and also for the index of refraction of the control waveguide.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices

Original Manuscript: September 23, 1998
Revised Manuscript: February 25, 1999
Published: May 20, 1999

Alfred E. Attard, "Analysis of an optically controlled photonic switch," Appl. Opt. 38, 3239-3248 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. Glance, I. Kaminow, R. Wilson, “Applications of the integrated waveguide grating router,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 957–962 (1994). [CrossRef]
  2. R. C. Alferness, “Titanium-diffused LiNbO3 waveguide devices,” in Guided Wave Optoelectronics, T. Tamir, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  3. K. Hamamoto, S. Sugou, K. Komatsu, M. Kitamura, “Extremely low loss 4 × 4 GaAs/AlGaAs optical matrix switch,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1580–1582 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. R. R. McLeod, K-Y. Wu, K. Wagner, R. T. Weverka, “Acousto-optic photonic crossbar switch. Part 1: Design,” Appl. Opt. 35, 6331–6353 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. A. Birks, D. O. Culverson, S. G. Farwell, P. St. J. Russel, “2 × 2 single-mode fiber routing switch,” Opt. Lett. 21, 722–724 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Asobe, H. Itoh, T. Miyazawa, T. Kanamori, “Efficient and ultrafast all-optical switching using high Δn, small core chalcogenided glass fiber,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1966–1968 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Asobe, H. Kobayashi, H. Itoh, “Laser-driven ultrafast all-optical switching by using highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1056–1058 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. A. E. Attard, “Modulation of coupling in a photonic switch by resonant coupling,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2296–2302 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. D. Marcuse, “Investigation of coupling between a fiber and an infinite slab,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 122–130 (1989). [CrossRef]
  10. The simulation software, BeamPROP, was obtained from RSoft Inc., Montrose, N.Y.
  11. B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Principles of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1994).
  12. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, Boston, 1989).
  13. J. W. Haus, Z. Yuan, I. Appelbaum, P. D. Persans, “Silver-coated CdS nanoparticles for nonlinear optical applications,” Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. Ser. 2 43(1), 382 (1998).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited