OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1999
  • pp: 3409–3416

Particle sizing in strongly turbid suspensions with the one-beam cross-correlation dynamic light-scattering technique

Anthony J. Adorjan, James A. Lock, Thomas W. Taylor, Padetha Tin, William V. Meyer, and Anthony E. Smart  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 15, pp. 3409-3416 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (111 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The utility of the one-beam cross-correlation dynamic light-scattering system for sizing small particles in suspension was previously limited by its small-intensity signal-to-baseline ratio for strongly turbid suspensions. We describe three improvements in the optical system and sample cell that raise the ratio to a value comparable with that of other cross-correlation dynamic light-scattering systems. These improvements are (i) using a square cross-sectional sample cell to minimize the attenuation of the incident beam and singly scattered light, (ii) placing a 200-µm-wide slit between the sample cell and the detector fibers to mask off the region of weak single scattering and strong multiple scattering from the detectors’ field of view, and (iii) aligning the center of the detectors’ field of view with the region of strongest single scattering. We analyze a number of suspensions of polystyrene latex spheres with a diameter between 65 and 562 nm in water using this improved one-beam instrument and find that the measured radius is determined in a 2-min data collection time to better than ±10% for volume fractions of the suspended polystyrene latex spheres up to a few percent.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments
(290.5820) Scattering : Scattering measurements
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media

Original Manuscript: October 2, 1998
Revised Manuscript: February 3, 1999
Published: May 20, 1999

Anthony J. Adorjan, James A. Lock, Thomas W. Taylor, Padetha Tin, William V. Meyer, and Anthony E. Smart, "Particle sizing in strongly turbid suspensions with the one-beam cross-correlation dynamic light-scattering technique," Appl. Opt. 38, 3409-3416 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. B. J. Berne, R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering (Wiley, New York, 1976), pp. 83–86.
  2. P. Štěpánek, “Static and dynamic properties of multiple light scattering,” J. Chem. Phys. 99, 6384–6393 (1993). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Gisler, H. Rüger, S. U. Egelhaaf, J. Tschumi, P. Schurtenberger, J. Rička, “Mode-selective light scattering: theory versus experimental realization,” Appl. Opt. 34, 3546–3553 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Wiese, D. Horn, “Single-mode fibers in fiber-optic quasielastic light scattering: a study of the dynamics of concentrated latex dispersions,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 6429–6443 (1991). [CrossRef]
  5. H. S. Dhadwal, R. R. Ansari, W. V. Meyer, “A fiber optic probe for particle sizing in concentrated suspensions,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2963–2968 (1991). [CrossRef]
  6. R. R. Ansari, K. I. Suh, “Dynamic light scattering particle size measurements in turbid media,” in Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications II, V. V. Tuchin, J. A. Izatt, eds., Proc. SPIE3251, 146–156 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. G. D. J. Phillies, “Suppression of multiple scattering effects in quasielastic light scattering by homodyne cross-correlation techniques,” J. Chem. Phys. 74, 260–262 (1981). [CrossRef]
  8. G. D. J. Phillies, “Experimental demonstration of multiple scattering suppression in quasielastic light scattering spectroscopy by homodyne coincidence techniques,” Phys. Rev. A 24, 1939–1943 (1981). [CrossRef]
  9. J. K. G. Dhont, C. G. de Kruif, “Scattered light intensity cross-correlation. I. Theory,” J. Chem. Phys. 79, 1658–1663 (1983). [CrossRef]
  10. H. J. Mos, C. Pathmamanoharan, J. K. G. Dhont, C. G. de Kruif, “Scattered light intensity cross-correlation. II. Experimental,” J. Chem. Phys. 84, 45–49 (1986). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Drewel, J. Ahrens, U. Podschus, “Decorrelation of multiple scattering for an arbitrary scattering angle,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 206–210 (1990). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Schätzel, M. Drewel, J. Ahrens, “Suppression of multiple scattering in photon correlation spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 2, SA393–SA398 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. K. Schätzel, “Suppression of multiple scattering by photon cross-correlation techniques,” J. Mod. Opt. 38, 1849–1865 (1991). [CrossRef]
  14. L. B. Aberle, P. Hülstede, S. Wiegand, W. Schröer, W. Staude, “Effective suppression of multiply scattered light in static and dynamic light scattering,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6511–6524 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Urban, P. Schurtenberger, “Characterization of turbid colloidal suspensions using light scattering techniques combined with cross-correlation methods,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 207, 150–158 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. U. Nobbmann, S. W. Jones, B. J. Ackerson, “Multiple scattering suppression: cross correlation with tilted single-mode fibers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7571–7576 (1997). [CrossRef]
  17. W. V. Meyer, D. S. Cannell, A. E. Smart, T. W. Taylor, P. Tin, “Multiple-scattering suppression by cross correlation,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7551–7558 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. J. A. Lock, “Role of multiple scattering in cross-correlated light scattering with a single laser beam,” Appl. Opt. 36, 7559–7570 (1997). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Hecht, Optics, 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1987), p. 532.
  20. J. Rička, “Dynamic light scattering with single-mode and multimode receivers,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2860–2875 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. W. J. Beenakker, P. Mazur, “Diffusion of spheres in concentrated suspension: resummation of many-body hydrodynamic interactions,” Phys. Lett. A 98, 22–24 (1983). [CrossRef]
  22. C. W. J. Beenakker, P. Mazur, “Diffusion of spheres in a concentrated suspension II,” Physica A 126, 349–370 (1984). [CrossRef]
  23. P. N. Pusey, R. J. A. Tough, “Particle interactions,” in Dynamic Light Scattering: Applications of Photon Correlation Spectroscopy, R. Pecora, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1985), pp. 85–179. [CrossRef]
  24. N. W. Ashcroft, J. Lekner, “Structure and resistivity of liquid metals,” Phys. Rev. 145, 83–90 (1966). [CrossRef]
  25. W. V. Meyer, A. E. Smart, D. S. Cannell, R. G. Brown, J. A. Lock, T. W. Taylor, “Multiple scattering suppression with cross-correlation and flare rejection with fiber optic homodyning,” paper AIAA 99-0962, presented at the Thirty-Seventh Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 11–14 January 1999 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, New York, 1999).
  26. J. A. Lock, “Contribution of high-order rainbows to the scattering of a Gaussian laser beam by a spherical particle,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 693–706 (1993). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited