OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 1999
  • pp: 3810–3817

Femtosecond Single-Shot Correlation System: A Time-Domain Approach

Kazutaka Oba, Pang-Chen Sun, Yuri T. Mazurenko, and Yeshaiahu Fainman  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 17, pp. 3810-3817 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.003810


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1074 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We introduce, analyze, and experimentally demonstrate what to the best of our knowledge is a new pulse correlation technique that is capable of real-time conversion of a femtosecond pulse sequence into its spatial image. Our technique uses a grating at the entrance of the system, thus introducing a transverse time delay (TTD) into the transform-limited reference pulse. The shaped signal pulses and the TTD reference pulse are mixed in a nonlinear optical crystal (LiB<sub>3</sub>O<sub>5</sub>), thus producing a second-harmonic field that carries the spatial image of the temporal shaped signal pulse. We show that the time scaling of the system is set by the magnification of the anamorphic imaging system as well as by the grating frequency and that the time window of the system is set by the size of the grating aperture. Our experimental results show a time window of ~20 ps. We also show that the chirp information of the shaped pulse can be recovered by measurement of the spectrum of the resulting second-harmonic field.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.1590) Ultrafast optics : Chirping
(320.5550) Ultrafast optics : Pulses

Citation
Kazutaka Oba, Pang-Chen Sun, Yuri T. Mazurenko, and Yeshaiahu Fainman, "Femtosecond Single-Shot Correlation System: A Time-Domain Approach," Appl. Opt. 38, 3810-3817 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-17-3810


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, and J. P. Heritage, “Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 478–491 (1990).
  2. E. A. De Souza, M. C. Nuss, W. H. Knox, and D. A. B. Miller, “Wavelength division multiplexing with femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1166–1168 (1995).
  3. H. Chen, Y. Chen, D. Dilworth, E. Leith, J. Lopez, and J. Valdmanis, “Two-dimensional imaging through diffusing media using 150-fs gated electronic holography techniques,” Opt. Lett. 16, 487–489 (1991).
  4. M. R. Hee, J. A. Izatt, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Femtosecond transillumination tomography in thick tissue,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1107–1109 (1993).
  5. B. B. Das, K. M. Yoo, and R. R. Alfano, “Ultrafast time-gated imaging in thick tissues: a step toward optical mammography,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1092–1094 (1993).
  6. P. E. Hanninen, S. W. Hell, A. J. Salo, E. Soini, and C. Cremer, “Two photon excitation 4Pi confocal microscope: enhanced axial resolution microscope for biological research,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1698–1700 (1995).
  7. M. Muller, J. Squier, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “Measurement of femtosecond pulses in the focal point of a high-numerical-aperture lens by two-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1038–1040 (1995).
  8. S. A. Rice, “New ideas for guiding the evolution of a quantum system,” Science 258, 412–413 (1992).
  9. W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, and M. Dahlen, “Coherent control of quantum dynamics: the dream is alive,” Science 269, 1581–1589 (1993).
  10. F. Salin, P. Georges, G. Roger, and A. Burn, “Single-shot measurement of a 52-fs pulse,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4528–4531 (1987).
  11. C. Froehly, B. Colombeau, and M. Vampouille, “Shaping and analysis of picosecond light pulses,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1983), Vol. XX, pp. 65–153.
  12. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert, “Programmable femtosecond pulse shaping by use of a multielement liquid-crystal phase modulator,” Opt. Lett. 15, 326–328 (1990).
  13. K. Ema, “Real-time ultrashort pulse shaping and pulse-shape measurement using a dynamic grating,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 2046–2049 (1991).
  14. K. B. Hill and D. J. Brady, “Pulse shaping in volume reflection holograms,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1739–1741 (1993).
  15. M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-fidelity programmable ultrafast optical waveforms,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1047–1049 (1995).
  16. Y. T. Mazurenko, “Holography of wave packets,” Appl. Phys. B 50, 101–113 (1990).
  17. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, D. H. Reitze, and E. G. Peak, “Femtosecond spectral holography,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2251–2253 (1992).
  18. M. C. Nuss and R. L. Morrison, “Time-domain images,” Opt. Lett. 20, 740–742 (1995).
  19. P. C. Sun, Y. Mazurenko, W. S. C. Cheng, P. K. L. Yu, and Y. Fainman, “All optical parallel-to-serial conversion by holographic spatial-to-temporal frequency encoding,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1728–1730 (1995).
  20. K. Ema, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and F. Shimizu, “All optical sub-Tbits/s serial-to-parallel conversion using excitonic giant nonlinearity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2799–2801 (1990).
  21. M. C. Nuss, M. Li, T. H. Chiu, A. M. Weiner, and A. Patrovi, “Time-to-space mapping of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 664–666 (1994).
  22. Yu. T. Mazurenko, A. G. Spiro, S. E. Putilin, and A. G. Belyaev, “Ultrafast space-time transformation of signals using spectral nonlinear optics,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 78, 122–128 (1995).
  23. Yu. T. Mazurenko, A. G. Spiro, S. E. Putilin, A. G. Belyaev, and E. B. Verkhovskij, “Time-to-space conversion of fast signals by the method of spectral nonlinear optics,” Opt. Commun. 188, 594–600 (1995).
  24. Yu. T. Mazurenko, S. E. Putilin, A. G. Spiro, A. G. Belyaev, V. E. Yashin, and S. A. Chizhov, “Ultrafast time-to-space conversion of phase by the method of spectral nonlinear optics,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1753–1755 (1996).
  25. P. C. Sun, Y. Mazurenko, and Y. Fainman, “Femtosecond pulse imaging: ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1159–1170 (1997).
  26. J. Janzsky, G. Corradi, and R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analyzing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun. 23, 293–298 (1977).
  27. C. Rempel and W. Rudolph, “Single shot autocorrelator for femtosecond pulses,” Exp. Tech. Phys. (Berlin) 37, 381–385 (1988).
  28. R. Wyatt and E. E. Marinero, “Versatile single-shot background-free pulse duration measurement technique, for pulses of subnanosecond to picosecond duration,” Appl. Phys. 25, 297–301 (1981).
  29. J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996) Chap. 1, pp. 10–11.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited