OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 1999
  • pp: 4433–4442

Extraction of Motion Parameters of Gravity-Wave Structures from All-Sky OH Image Sequences

Rezaul Haque and Gary R. Swenson  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 21, pp. 4433-4442 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.004433


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (5480 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe the application of a motion model to OH images collected by CCD cameras during three nights in February and April 1995 (3 February, 1 April, and 4 April) at the StarFire Optical Range, New Mexico. We used the instrument to take broadband images of OH Meinel bands at an altitude of 87 km to record the footprints of dynamics created by acoustic gravity waves in the mesosphere. We used the motion model to extract the velocity of the gravity waves from the images. The results of a total of 181 observations with the motion model were compared with a total of 189 observations obtained by manual estimation. We used these results to extract the intrinsic properties of the gravity waves. The mean intrinsic velocity for the three nights under consideration was 61.5 ∓ 17.0 m/s with the motion model and 61.1 ∓ 23.3 m/s with manual estimation.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.0100) Image processing : Image processing
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(110.2960) Imaging systems : Image analysis
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar

Citation
Rezaul Haque and Gary R. Swenson, "Extraction of Motion Parameters of Gravity-Wave Structures from All-Sky OH Image Sequences," Appl. Opt. 38, 4433-4442 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-21-4433


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. C. S. Gardner, “Testing theories of atmospheric gravity wave saturation and dissipation,” J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 58, 1575–1589, 1996.
  2. C. Sidi, J. Lefrere, F. Dalaudier, and J. Barat, “An improved atmospheric buoyancy wave spectrum model,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 774–790 (1988).
  3. C. McLandress, “On the importance of gravity waves in the middle atmosphere and their parameterization in general circulation models,” J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 60, 1357–1383 (1998).
  4. V. I. Krassovsky, “Infrasonic variations of the OH emission in the upper atmosphere,” Ann. Geophys. 28, 739–746 (1972).
  5. A. W. Peterson, “Airglow events visible to the naked eye,” Appl. Opt. 18, 3390–3393 (1975).
  6. M. J. Taylor, M. A. Hapgood, and P. Rothwell, “Observations of gravity wave propagation in the OI (557.7 nm), Na (589.2 nm) and the near infrared OH nightglow emission,” Planet. Space Sci. 35, 413–427 (1987).
  7. G. R. Swenson and S. B. Mende, “OH emission and gravity waves (including a breaking wave) in all-sky imagery from Bear Lake, UT,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 21, 2239–2242 (1994).
  8. C. S. Gardner, S. J. Franke, W. Yang, X. Tao, and J. R. Yu, “Interpretation of gravity waves observed in the mesopause region at Starfire optical range, New Mexico: strong evidence for nonseparable intrinsic (m, w) spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 8699–8713 (1998).
  9. P. Garcia-Martinez, D. Mas, J. Garcia, and C. Ferreira, “Nonlinear morphological correlation: opto-electronic implementation,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2112–2118 (1998).
  10. H. H. Nagel, “On the estimation of optical flow: relations between different approaches and some new results,” Artif. Intell. 33, 299–324 (1987).
  11. B. K. P. Horn and B. G. Schunck, “Determining optical flow,” Artif. Intell. 17, 185–203 (1981).
  12. R. O. Duda and P. E. Hart, Pattern Classification and Scene Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1973).
  13. S. B. Mende, R. H. Eather, and E. K. Aamodt, “Instrument for the monochromatic observation of all sky auroral images,” Appl. Opt. 16, 1691–1700 (1977).
  14. G. R. Swenson and S. B. Mende, “Atmospheric airglow imaging with CCDs,” in Optical Spectroscopic Techniques and Instrumentation for Atmospheric and Space Research, P. B. Hays and J. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 2266, 109–121 (1994).
  15. M. T. Orchard and G. J. Sullivan, “Overlapped block motion compensation: an estimation-theoretic approach,” IEEE Trans. Image Process. 3, 693–699 (1994).
  16. A. M. Tekalp, Digital Video Processing (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1995).
  17. J. H. Hecht, T. J. Kane, R. L. Walterscheid, C. S. Gardner, and C. A. Tepley, “Simultaneous nightglow and Na lidar observations at Arecibo during the AIDA-89 campaign,” J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 55, 409–423 (1993).
  18. G. R. Swenson and C. S. Gardner, “Analytical models for the responses of the mesospheric OH* and Na layers to atmospheric gravity waves,” J. Geophys. Res. [Atmos.] 103, 6271–6294 (1998).
  19. R. P. Lowe, L. M. LeBlanc, and K. L. Gilbert, “WINDII/UARS observation of twilight behavior of hydroxyl airglow at mid-latitude equinox,” J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 58, 1863–1869 (1996).
  20. C. S. Gardner, “Introduction to ALOHA/ANLC-93: the 1993 airborne lidar and observations of the Hawaiian airglow/airborne noctilucent cloud campaigns,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 2789–2793 (1995).
  21. G. R. Swenson, R. Haque, W. Yang, and C. S. Gardner, “Momentum and energy fluxes of monochromatic gravity waves observed by an OH imager at StarFire optical range, NM,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 6064–6080 (1999).
  22. C. S. Gardner, M. Coble, G. C. Papen, and G. R. Swenson, “Observations of the unambiguous two-dimensional horizontal wave number spectrum of OH intensity perturbations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 3739–3742 (1996).
  23. A. Rosenfeld, “Image analysis: problems, progress, and prospects,” Pattern Recog. 17, 3–12 (1984).
  24. G. R. Swenson and A. Z. Liu, “A model for calculating acoustic gravity wave energy and momentum flux in the mesosphere from OH airglow,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 25, 477–480 (1998).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited