OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 1999
  • pp: 4500–4508

Wavelength-encoding/temporal-spreading optical code division multiple-access system with in-fiber chirped moiré gratings

Lawrence R. Chen, Peter W. E. Smith, and C. Martijn de Sterke  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 21, pp. 4500-4508 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (160 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose an optical code division multiple-access (OCDMA) system that uses in-fiber chirped moiré gratings (CMG’s) for encoding and decoding of broadband pulses. In reflection the wavelength-selective and dispersive nature of CMG’s can be used to implement wavelength-encoding/temporal-spreading OCDMA. We give examples of codes designed around the constraints imposed by the encoding devices and present numerical simulations that demonstrate the proposed concept.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications

Original Manuscript: January 12, 1999
Revised Manuscript: March 26, 1999
Published: July 20, 1999

Lawrence R. Chen, Peter W. E. Smith, and C. Martijn de Sterke, "Wavelength-encoding/temporal-spreading optical code division multiple-access system with in-fiber chirped moiré gratings," Appl. Opt. 38, 4500-4508 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. N. Karafolas, D. Uttamchandani, “Optical fiber code division multiple access networks: a review,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2, 149–168 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. D. D. Sampson, G. J. Pendock, R. A. Griffin, “Photonic code-division multiple-access communications,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 16, 129–157 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, J. E. Sipe, S. Juma, “Ultrashort pulse propagation in multiple-grating fiber structures,” Opt. Lett. 22, 402–404 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. R. Chen, S. D. Benjamin, P. W. E. Smith, J. E. Sipe, “Applications of ultrashort pulse propagation in Bragg gratings for wavelength-division-multiplexing and code-division multiple access,” J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2117–2129 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Wang, H. Erlig, H. R. Fetterman, J. Feinberg, “One-dimensional photonic crystals for CDMA,” in Multimedia Networks: Security, Displays, Terminals, and Gateways, V. Bove, B. Derryberry, C. R. Holliday, L. S. Lome, V. Markandey, A. G. Teschev, B. Vasudev, eds., Proc. SPIE3228, 408–417 (1997).
  6. H. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, S. LaRochelle, “Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communications system,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 397–405 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. H. Geiger, A. Fu, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, R. I. Laming, “Demonstration of a simple CDMA transmitter and receiver using sampled fiber gratings,” in Proceedings of the 24th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’98) (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1998), Vol. 1, pp. 337–338.
  8. L. Tančevski, I. Andonovic, “Wavelength-hopping/time-spreading code-division multiple-access systems,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1388–1390 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. G. E. Town, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, S. B. Poole, “Wide-band Fabry–Pérot-like filters in optical fiber,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 78–80 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Martijn de Sterke, J. N. Bright, P. A. Krug, T. E. Hammon, “Observation of an optical Wannier–Stark ladder,” Phys. Rev. E 57, 2365–2370 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. L. A. Everall, K. Sugden, J. A. R. Williams, I. Bennion, X. Liu, J. S. Aitchison, R. M. De La Rue, “Fabrication of multipassband moiré resonators in fibers by dual-phase-mask exposure method,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1473–1475 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. L. Poladian, “Group delay reconstruction for fiber Bragg gratings in reflection and transmission,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1571–1573 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Taverner, D. J. Richardson, M. N. Zervas, L. Reekie, L. Dong, J. L. Cruz, “Investigation of fiber grating-based performance limits in pulse stretching and recompression schemes using bidirectional reflection from a linearly chirped fiber grating,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 1436–1438 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. L. R. Chen, D. J. F. Cooper, P. W. E. Smith, “Transmission filters with multiple flattened passbands based on chirped Moiré gratings,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 1283–1285 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. L. R. Chen, H. S. Loka, D. J. F. Cooper, P. W. E. Smith, R. Tam, X. Gu, “Fabrication of transmission filters with single or multiple flattened passbands based on chirped Moiré gratings,” Electron. Lett. 35, 584–585 (1999). [CrossRef]
  16. The notation (m|n) represents the number of ways of selecting n objects from a set of m objects regardless of order and is defined as (m|n) = [m!/n!(m - n)!].
  17. A. A. Shaar, P. A. Davies, “A survey of one-coincidence sequences for frequency-hopped spread-spectrum systems,” IEE Proc. F 131, 719–724 (1984).
  18. E. Jugl, T. Kuhwald, K. Iversen, “Algorithm for construction of (0,1)-matrix codes,” Electron. Lett. 33, 227–229 (1997). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, R. I. Laming, “Chirped moiré fiber gratings operating on two-wavelength channels for use as dual-channel dispersion compensators,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 84–86 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. H. P. Sardesai, C.-C. Chang, A. M. Weiner, “A femtosecond code-division multiple-access communication system test bed,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1953–1964 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. Z. Zheng, A. M. Weiner, J. H. Marsh, M. M. Karkhanehchi, “Ultrafast optical thresholding based on two-photon absorption GaAs waveguide photodetectors,” Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 493–495 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited