The focusing of light into a turbid medium was studied with Monte Carlo simulations. Focusing was found to have a significant effect on the absorption distribution in turbid media when the depth of the focal point (the distance between the focal point and the surface of the turbid media) was less than or comparable with the transport mean free path. Focusing could significantly increase the peak absorption and narrow the absorption distribution. As the depth of the focal point increased, the peak absorption decreased, and the depth of peak absorption increased initially but quickly reached a plateau that was less than the transport mean free path. A refractive-index-mismatched boundary between the ambient medium and the turbid medium deteriorated the focusing effect, increased the absorption near the boundary, lowered the peak absorption, and broadened the absorption distribution.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: February 25, 1999
Revised Manuscript: April 28, 1999
Published: August 1, 1999
Lihong V. Wang and Gan Liang, "Absorption distribution of an optical beam focused into a turbid medium," Appl. Opt. 38, 4951-4958 (1999)