The influence of daylight and noise current on cloud and aerosol observations by realistic spaceborne lidar was examined by computer simulations. The reflected solar radiations, which contaminate the daytime return signals of lidar operations, were strictly and explicitly estimated by accurate radiative transfer calculations. It was found that the model multilayer cirrus clouds and the boundary layer aerosols could be observed during the daytime and the nighttime with only a few laser shots. However, high background noise and noise current make it difficult to observe volcanic aerosols in middle and upper atmospheric layers. Optimal combinations of the laser power and receiver field of view are proposed to compensate for the negative influence that is due to these noises. For the computer simulations, we used a realistic set of lidar parameters similar to the Experimental Lidar in-Space Equipment of the National Space Development Agency of Japan.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
Takashi Y. Nakajima, Tadashi Imai, Osamu Uchino, and Tomohiro Nagai, "Influence of Daylight and Noise Current on Cloud and Aerosol Observations by Spaceborne Elastic Scattering Lidar," Appl. Opt. 38, 5218-5228 (1999)