A new, to our knowledge, technique for determining the modal content of partially coherent beams that are made up of an incoherent superposition of Hermite–Gaussian modes is studied. The algorithm makes use of the intensity profile of the beam at an arbitrarily chosen transverse plane. Analytical derivations are presented for a Gaussian Schell-model source and flat-topped beams, as well as an analysis of their performances in the presence of experimental errors and noise. Numerical simulations are performed to test the accuracy and the stability of the recovery algorithm.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(030.4070) Coherence and statistical optics : Modes
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
Massimo Santarsiero, Franco Gori, Riccardo Borghi, and Giorgio Guattari, "Evaluation of the Modal Structure of Light Beams Composed of Incoherent Mixtures of Hermite-Gaussian Modes," Appl. Opt. 38, 5272-5281 (1999)