OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 1999
  • pp: 5799–5802

Fabrication of photonic crystal lasers by nanomolding of solgel glasses

Olivier J. A. Schueller, George M. Whitesides, John A. Rogers, Martin Meier, and Ananth Dodabalapur  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 27, pp. 5799-5802 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (252 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate the formation, in a single process step, of periodic arrays of features of surface relief with submicrometer lateral dimensions in hybrid organic and inorganic solgel glasses by using elastomeric molding techniques. Lasers formed with molded photonic crystal resonators that consist of triangular, square, and honeycomb lattices of cylindrical posts and holes show emission spectra and lasing thresholds that are similar to devices formed by conventional high-resolution photolithographic patterning of thick layers of thermally grown oxide.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3490) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, distributed-feedback
(160.6060) Materials : Solgel
(220.4610) Optical design and fabrication : Optical fabrication

Original Manuscript: March 29, 1999
Revised Manuscript: June 28, 1999
Published: September 20, 1999

Olivier J. A. Schueller, George M. Whitesides, John A. Rogers, Martin Meier, and Ananth Dodabalapur, "Fabrication of photonic crystal lasers by nanomolding of solgel glasses," Appl. Opt. 38, 5799-5802 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. Lukosz, K. Tiefenthaler, “Embossing technique for fabricating integrated optical components in hard inorganic waveguiding materials,” Opt. Lett. 8, 537–539 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Heuberger, W. Lukosz, “Embossing technique for fabricating surface relief gratings on hard oxide waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1499–1504 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. L. Roncone, L. A. Weller-Brophy, L. Weisenbach, B. J. J. Zelinski, “Embossed gratings in sol-gel waveguides: pre-emboss heat treatment effects,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 128, 111–117 (1991). [CrossRef]
  4. H. Krug, N. Merl, H. Schmidt, “Fine patterning of thin sol-gel films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 147–148, 447–450 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Marzolin, S. P. Smith, M. Prentiss, G. M. Whitesides, “Fabrication of glass microstructures by micromolding of sol-gel precursors,” Adv. Mater. 10, 571–574 (1998). [CrossRef]
  6. J. A. Rogers, M. Meier, A. Dodabalapur, “Using printing and molding techniques to produce distributed feedback and Bragg reflector resonators for plastic lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1766–1768 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. J. A. Rogers, M. Meier, A. Dodabalapur, “Distributed feedback ridge waveguide lasers fabricated by nanoscale printing and molding on non-planar substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3257–3259 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Meier, A. Dodabalapur, J. A. Rogers, A. G. Timko, A. Mekis, R. E. Slusher, C. A. Murray, O. Nalamasu, “Emission characteristics of two-dimensional organic photonic crystal lasers fabricated by replica molding.” J. Appl. Phys. (to be published).
  9. S. Motakef, J. M. Boulton, D. R. Uhlmann, “Organic–inorganic optical materials,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1125–1127 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. Phillip, H. Schmidt, “The reactivity of TiO2 and ZrO2 in organically modified silicates,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 82, 31–36 (1986). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Yoshida, P. N. Prasad, “Fabrication of channel waveguides from sol-gel processed polyvinylpyrrolidone/SiO2 composite materials,” Appl. Opt. 35, 1500–1506 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Tohge, A. Matsuda, T. Minami, Y. Matsuno, S. Katayama, Y. Ikeda, “Fine patterning on glass substrates by the sol-gel method,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 100, 501–505 (1988). [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Sorek, M. Zevin, R. Reisfeld, “Zirconia and zirconia-ORMOSIL planar waveguides prepared at toom temperature,” Chem. Mater. 9, 670–676 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. C. K. Jørgensen, R. Reisfeld, eds., Structure and Bonding, Vol. 85 of Optical and Electronic Phenomena in Sol-Gel Glasses and Modern Application (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1996).
  15. C. J. Brinker, G. W. Scherer, Sol-gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-gel Processing (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1990).
  16. M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. Nalamasu, “Laser action from two-dimensional distributed feedback in photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7–9 (1999). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited