OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 28 — Oct. 1, 1999
  • pp: 6019–6026

Wave-front generation of Zernike polynomial modes with a micromachined membrane deformable mirror

Lijun Zhu, Pang-Chen Sun, Dirk-Uwe Bartsch, William R. Freeman, and Yeshaiahu Fainman  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 28, pp. 6019-6026 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.006019


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (461 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We investigate the characteristics of a 37-channel micromachined membrane deformable mirror for wave-front generation. We demonstrate wave-front generation of the first 20 Zernike polynomial modes, using an iterative algorithm to adjust driving voltages. The results show that lower-order-mode wave fronts can be generated with good accuracy and large dynamic range, whereas the generation of higher-order modes is limited by the number of the actuator channels and the working range of the deformable mirror. The speed of wave-front generation can be as fast as several hundred hertz. Our results indicate that, in addition to generation of wave fronts with known aberrations, the characteristics of the micromachined membrane deformable mirror device can be useful in adaptive optics systems for compensating the first five orders of aberration.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(220.1000) Optical design and fabrication : Aberration compensation
(230.4040) Optical devices : Mirrors
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators

Citation
Lijun Zhu, Pang-Chen Sun, Dirk-Uwe Bartsch, William R. Freeman, and Yeshaiahu Fainman, "Wave-front generation of Zernike polynomial modes with a micromachined membrane deformable mirror," Appl. Opt. 38, 6019-6026 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-28-6019


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. R. J. Noll, “Zernike polynomials and atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 207–211 (1976).
  2. J. Y. Wang and D. E. Silva, “Wave-front interpretation with Zernike polynomials,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1510–1518 (1980).
  3. J. Liang and D. R. Williams, “Aberrations and retinal image quality of the normal human eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 2873–2883 (1997).
  4. L. N. Thibos, R. A. Applegate, H. C. Howland, D. R. Williams, P. Artal, R. Navarro, M. C. Campbell, J. E. Greivenkamp, J. T. Schwiegerling, S. A. Burns, D. A. Atchison, G. Smith, and E. J. Sarver, “A VSIA sponsored effort to develop methods and standards for the comparison of the wavefront aberration structure of the eye between devices and laboratories,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Vision Science and Its Applications (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1999), pp. 236–239.
  5. D. Malacara and S. L. DeVore, “Interferogram evaluation and wavefront fitting,” in Optical Shop Testing, 2nd ed., D. Malacara, ed. (Wiley, New York, 1992), pp. 461–472.
  6. G. D. Love, “Wave-front correction and production of Zernike modes with a liquid-crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1517–1524 (1997).
  7. D. J. Cho, S. T. Thurman, J. T. Donner, and G. M. Morris, “Characteristics of a 128 × 128 liquid-crystal spatial light modulator for wave-front generation,” Opt. Lett. 23, 969–971 (1998).
  8. F. Vargas-Martin and P. Artal, “Phasor averaging for wavefront correction with liquid-crystal spatial light modulators,” Opt. Commun. 152, 233–238 (1998).
  9. M. A. A. Neil, M. J. Booth, and T. Wilson, “Dynamic wave-front generation for the characterization and testing of optical systems,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1849–1851 (1998).
  10. G. Vdovin and P. M. Sarro, “Flexible mirror micromachined in silicon,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2968–2972 (1995).
  11. L. Zhu, P.-C. Sun, D.-U. Bartsch, W. R. Freeman, and Y. Fainman, “Adaptive control of a micromachined continuous membrane deformable mirror for aberration compensation,” Appl. Opt. 38, 168–176 (1999).
  12. L. Zhu, P.-C. Sun, and Y. Fainman, “Aberration-free dynamic focusing with a multichannel micromachined membrane deformable mirror,” Appl. Opt. 38, 5350–5354 (1999).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited