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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 1999
  • pp: 6141–6151

Optimal conditions for thermal fixing of volume holograms in Fe:LiNbO3 crystals

Chao Ray Hsieh, Shiuan Huei Lin, Ken Y. Hsu, Tai Chiung Hsieh, Arthur Chiou, and John Hong  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 29, pp. 6141-6151 (1999)

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We analyze and compare two typical recording and thermal fixing procedures of a volume hologram in a Fe:LiNbO3 crystal (low–high–low procedure and high–low procedure). We consider the kinetics of the recording, compensating, and developing processes by taking into account the ratio of the conductivities between the protons and the electrons as a function of temperature. From the analysis the optimal environmental conditions (in terms of the fixing temperature and the compensation time) for each fixing procedure can be deduced for a crystal with given material parameters.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(160.3730) Materials : Lithium niobate
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(210.2860) Optical data storage : Holographic and volume memories

Original Manuscript: February 10, 1999
Revised Manuscript: May 27, 1999
Published: October 10, 1999

Chao Ray Hsieh, Shiuan Huei Lin, Ken Y. Hsu, Tai Chiung Hsieh, Arthur Chiou, and John Hong, "Optimal conditions for thermal fixing of volume holograms in Fe:LiNbO3 crystals," Appl. Opt. 38, 6141-6151 (1999)

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