OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 1999
  • pp: 6337–6342

Singlet Oxygen and Dye-Triplet-State Quenching in Solid-State Dye Lasers Consisting of Pyrromethene 567–Doped Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)

Mohammad Ahmad, Mark D. Rahn, and Terence A. King  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 30, pp. 6337-6342 (1999)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (102 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Solid-state dye lasers based on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) doped with Pyrromethene 567 dye (P567) have been investigated. The preparation techniques employed provided high photostability and laser damage threshold for P567 in pure PMMA with 270,000 pulses emitted before the conversion efficiency fell to half its initial value for a pump fluence of 0.16 J cm<sup>−2</sup>. When PMMA was modified with 1, 4-diazobicyclo [2, 2, 2] octane singlet oxygen quencher, the longevity increased to 550,000 pulses, corresponding to a normalized photostability of 270 GJ mol<sup>−1</sup>. Modification of PMMA with a triplet quencher (perylene) yielded no improvement, but in ethanol solutions both additives enhanced photostability. It is possible that in PMMA, stabilization by means of triplet quenching that depends on dye diffusion is prevented but that stabilization by means of singlet oxygen quenching that depends on the faster oxygen diffusion rate will succeed.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.2050) Lasers and laser optics : Dye lasers
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state

Mohammad Ahmad, Mark D. Rahn, and Terence A. King, "Singlet Oxygen and Dye-Triplet-State Quenching in Solid-State Dye Lasers Consisting of Pyrromethene 567–Doped Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)," Appl. Opt. 38, 6337-6342 (1999)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. M. D. Rahn and T. A. King, “Comparison of solid-state dye laser performance in various host media,” in Solid State Lasers VIII, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE 3613, 94–105 (1999).
  2. H. Schmidt, “Organic modification of glass structure, new glass or new polymer?” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 112, 419–423 (1989).
  3. G. Gall, X. Li, and T. A. King, “Optical characterisation of sol-gel optical composites,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 2, 775–778 (1994).
  4. X. Li, T. A. King, and F. Pallikari-Viras, “Characteristics of composites based on PMMA modified gel-silica glasses,” J. Non Cryst. Solids 170, 243–249 (1994).
  5. M. D. Rahn and T. A. King, “High-performance solid-state dye laser based on Perylene-Orange doped polycom glass,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1259–1267 (1998).
  6. D. A. Gromov, K. M. Dyumaev, A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, and A. M. Prokhorov, “Efficient plastic-host dye lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1028–1031 (1985).
  7. S. M. Giffin, I. T. McKinnie, W. J. Wadsworth, A. D. Woolhouse, G. J. Smith, and T. G. Haskell, “Solid state dye lasers based on 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and methyl methacrylate co-polymers,” Opt. Commun. 161, 163–170 (1999).
  8. A. Costela, I. Garcia-Moreno, J. Barroso, and R. Sastre “Studies on laser action from polymeric matrices doped with Coumarin 503,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 167–173 (1998).
  9. G. Seybold and G. Wagenblast, “New perylene and violanthrone dyestuffs for fluorescent collectors,” Dyes Pigm. 11, 303–317 (1989).
  10. M. Shah, K. Thangaraj, M. L. Soong, L. T. Wolford, J. H. Boyer, I. R. Politzer, and T. G. Pavlopoulos, “Pyrromethene-BF2 complexes as laser dyes. 1,” Heteroatom. Chem. 1, 389–399 (1990).
  11. M. P. Oneil, “Synchronously pumped visible laser dye with twice the efficiency of Rhodamine 6G,” Opt. Lett. 18, 37–38 (1993).
  12. A. A. Gorman, I. Hamblett, T. A. King (Laser Photonics Research Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL, UK), and M. D. Rahn, are preparing a manuscript with the title “A pulse radiolysis and pulsed laser study of the Pyrromethene 567 triplet state.”
  13. M. Faloss, M. Canva, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Chaput, and J.-P. Boilot “Toward millions of laser pulses with pyrromethene- and perylene-doped xerogels,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6760–6763 (1997).
  14. D. Pacheco and H. R. Aldag, “Comparison of the laser performance of solid state dye media under long- and short-pulse excitation,” in Solid-State Lasers VII, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE 3265, 2–12 (1998).
  15. R. S. Anderson, R. E. Hermes, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, and S. C. Picarello, “Photostability of dye doped modified polymer at extremely high intensities: Medlite™ laser system,” in Solid-State Lasers VII, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE 3265, 13–20 (1998).
  16. R. E. Hermes, T. H. Allik, S. Chandra and J. A. Hutchinson, “High efficiency pyrromethene doped solid state dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 877–879 (1993).
  17. M. D. Rahn, T. A. King, A. A. Gorman, and I. Hamblett, “Photostability enhancement of Pyrromethene 567 and Perylene Orange in oxygen free liquid and solid dye lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 5862–5871 (1997).
  18. T. I. Suratwala, K. Davidson, Z. Gardlund, D. R. Uhlmann, S. Bonilla, and N. Peyghambarian, “Molecular engineering and photostability of laser dyes within sol-gel hosts,” in Solid-State Lasers VI, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE 2986, 141–152 (1997).
  19. P. R. Ogilby, M. P. Dillon, M. Kristiansen, and R. L. Clough, “Quenching of singlet oxygen in solid organic polymers,” Macromolecules 25, 3399–3405 (1992).
  20. A. A. Gorman, I. Hamblett, C. Lambert, B. Spencer, and M. C. Standern, “Identification of both preequilibrium and diffusion limits for reaction of singlet oxygen, O2(1Δg), with both physical and chemical quenchers—variable temperature, time resolved infrared luminescence studies,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 110, 8053–8059 (1988).
  21. G. Buntinx, P. Valat, V. Wintgens, and O. Poizat, “Photoreduction of 4, 4′-bipyridine by triethylamine and by 1, 4-diazabicylclo[2.2.2]octane in acetonitrile as studied by nanosecond absorption and Raman spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. 95, 9347–9352 (1991).
  22. K. I. Priyadarsini and J. P. Mittal, “Effect of 1, 4-diazabicyclo-[2, 2, 2]-octane on the laser properties of 7-amino coumarin dyes,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 61, 381–388 (1991).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited