Previous modeling of the performance of spaceborne direct-detection Doppler lidar systems assumed extremely idealized atmospheric models. Here we develop a technique for modeling the performance of these systems in a more realistic atmosphere, based on actual airborne lidar observations. The resulting atmospheric model contains cloud and aerosol variability that is absent in other simulations of spaceborne Doppler lidar instruments. To produce a realistic simulation of daytime performance, we include solar radiance values that are based on actual measurements and are allowed to vary as the viewing scene changes. Simulations are performed for two types of direct-detection Doppler lidar system: the double-edge and the multichannel techniques. Both systems were optimized to measure winds from Rayleigh backscatter at 355 nm. Simulations show that the measurement uncertainty during daytime is degraded by only approximately 10–20% compared with nighttime performance, provided that a proper solar filter is included in the instrument design.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(280.1310) Remote sensing and sensors : Atmospheric scattering
(280.3340) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser Doppler velocimetry
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
Matthew J. McGill, William D. Hart, Jack A. McKay, and James D. Spinhirne, "Modeling the Performance of Direct-Detection Doppler Lidar Systems Including Cloud and Solar Background Variability," Appl. Opt. 38, 6388-6397 (1999)