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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 30 — Oct. 20, 1999
  • pp: 6431–6438

Virtues of Mueller matrix imaging for underwater target detection

George W. Kattawar and Milun J. Raković  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 30, pp. 6431-6438 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.006431


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Abstract

We present a theoretical analysis on use of polarized light in the detection of a model target in a scattering and absorbing medium similar to seawater. Monte Carlo numerical simulations are used in the calculation of the effective Mueller matrix which describes the scattering process. A target in the shape of a disk is divided into three regions, each of which has the same albedo but different reduced Mueller matrices. Contrast between various parts of the target and background is analyzed in the images created by ordinary radiance, by various elements of the Mueller matrix, and by certain suitable combinations of these elements. It is shown that the application of polarized light has distinct advantages in target detection and characterization when compared with use of unpolarized light.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.7050) Scattering : Turbid media

History
Original Manuscript: February 26, 1999
Revised Manuscript: July 12, 1999
Published: October 20, 1999

Citation
George W. Kattawar and Milun J. Raković, "Virtues of Mueller matrix imaging for underwater target detection," Appl. Opt. 38, 6431-6438 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-30-6431

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