We theoretically analyze the relation between the pulse width of light launched into an optical fiber and the resultant power spectrum of spontaneous Brillouin backscattered light. Through this analysis, we determine numerically that the bandwidth of the Brillouin backscattered light becomes wider, and thus the measurement accuracy in determining the peak-power frequency degrades in approximately inverse proportion to the launched pulse width. Experimental results with various pulse widths are in good agreement with the derived theoretical results.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(070.4790) Fourier optics and signal processing : Spectrum analysis
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(290.5820) Scattering : Scattering measurements
(290.5830) Scattering : Scattering, Brillouin
Hiroshi Naruse and Mitsuhiro Tateda, "Trade-off Between the Spatial and the Frequency Resolutions in Measuring the Power Spectrum of the Brillouin Backscattered Light in an Optical Fiber," Appl. Opt. 38, 6516-6521 (1999)