A new, to our knowledge, optical method for small-angle measurement based on surface-plasmon resonance (SPR) is presented. In this method the high sensitivity of the phase of SPR to the angle of incidence is employed to improve the resolution of the measurement of the angle. Small-angle measurement is performed by the monitoring of the phase shift resulting from the minute change of the angle of incidence with the use of magneto-optical modulation. The validity of this method is demonstrated, and a measurement resolution of 0.2 arc sec is achieved experimentally.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(120.5700) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Reflection
(230.3810) Optical devices : Magneto-optic systems
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
Jihua Guo, Zhaoming Zhu, and Weimin Deng, "Small-angle Measurement Based on Surface-plasmon Resonance and the Use of Magneto-optical Modulation," Appl. Opt. 38, 6550-6555 (1999)