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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 38, Iss. 31 — Nov. 1, 1999
  • pp: 6574–6580

Birefringence measurements in gradient-index rod lenses

Jennifer L. Rouke and Duncan T. Moore  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 31, pp. 6574-6580 (1999)

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Stress birefringence can be found in gradient-index (GRIN) materials because they contain a variation in composition. GRIN glass fabricated by ion exchange may contain stress from two different processes. These include a size difference between the exchange and the diffusing ions and a variation in the thermal-expansion coefficient across the gradient region. The optical properties of the stressed material are polarization dependent, and therefore image quality is directly affected. We examine birefringence in GRIN rod lenses that have lengths more than ten times greater than their diameters. The effects are more easily observed in long rod lenses because of the large optical path lengths.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(110.2760) Imaging systems : Gradient-index lenses
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence

Original Manuscript: March 15, 1999
Revised Manuscript: August 9, 1999
Published: November 1, 1999

Jennifer L. Rouke and Duncan T. Moore, "Birefringence measurements in gradient-index rod lenses," Appl. Opt. 38, 6574-6580 (1999)

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