OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 33 — Nov. 20, 1999
  • pp: 6918–6926

Retrieval and monitoring of aerosol optical thickness over an urban area by spaceborne and ground-based remote sensing

Jean-François Léon, Patrick Chazette, and François Dulac  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 33, pp. 6918-6926 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.006918


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (286 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We used an instrumental synergy of both ground-based (sunphotometer) and spaceborne [POLDER (polarization and directionality of the Earth’s reflectances) and Meteosat] passive remote-sensing devices to determine the aerosol optical thickness over the suburban area of Thessaloniki, Greece, from April 1996 to June 1997. The POLDER spaceborne instrument measures the degree of polarization of the solar radiance reflected by the Earth–atmosphere system. Aerosol optical thickness (AOT) retrieval needs an accurate estimate of the contribution of the ground surface to the top of atmosphere’s polarized radiance. We tested existing surface reflectance models and fitted their parameters to find the best model for the Thessaloniki area. The model was constrained and validated by use of independent data sets of coincident sunphotometer and POLDER measurements. The comparison indicated that the urban AOT over Thessaloniki was retrieved by the POLDER instrument with an accuracy of ±0.05. From analysis of Meteosat data we found that ∼40% of the days with high AOT (>0.18) are associated with African dust transport events, all observed in the period March–July. Excluding dust events, the 15-month AOT averages 0.12 ± 0.04. During the 15-month period that the study was conducted, we observed aerosol pollution peaks with an AOT of >0.24 on 15 of the 164 days on which measurements were possible.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1100) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosol detection
(010.1110) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosols
(010.1120) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Air pollution monitoring
(280.1100) Remote sensing and sensors : Aerosol detection
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring
(290.1310) Scattering : Atmospheric scattering

History
Original Manuscript: April 15, 1999
Revised Manuscript: August 25, 1999
Published: November 20, 1999

Citation
Jean-François Léon, Patrick Chazette, and François Dulac, "Retrieval and monitoring of aerosol optical thickness over an urban area by spaceborne and ground-based remote sensing," Appl. Opt. 38, 6918-6926 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-33-6918


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Climate Change 1994: Radiative Forcing of Climate Change (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995).
  2. P. Warneck, Chemistry of the Natural Atmosphere, Vol. 41 of the International Geophysics Series, R. Dmowska, J. R. Holton, eds. (Academic, Orlando, Fla., 1988).
  3. R. J. Charlson, J. E. Lovelock, M. O. Andreae, S. G. Warren, “Oceanic phytoplankton, atmospheric sulphur, cloud albedo and climate,” Nature (London) 326, 655–661 (1987). [CrossRef]
  4. O. Boucher, T. L. Anderson, “GCM assesment of the sensitivity of direct climate forcing by anthropogenic sulphate aerosol size and chemistry,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 26,117–26,134 (1995). [CrossRef]
  5. S. A. Twomey, M. Piepgrass, T. L. Wolfe, “An assessment of the impact of pollution on the global cloud albedo,” Tellus 36B, 356–366 (1984). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Lorente, A. Renado, X. De Cabro, “Influence of urban aerosol on spectral solar irradiance,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 33, 406–415 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. R. R. Dickerson, S. Kondragunta, G. Stenchikov, K. L. Civerolo, B. G. Doddridge, B. N. Holben, “The impact of aerosols on solar ultraviolet radiation and photochemical smog,” Science 278, 827–830 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. A. Hegg, J. Livingston, P. V. Hobbs, T. Novakov, P. Russel, “Chemical apportionment of aerosol column optical depth off the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 25,293–25,303 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Dulac, D. Filippi, H. Cachier, U. Ezat, J. C. L. Roulley, D. Paronis, P. Chazette, E. Hamonou, N. Mihalopoulos, G. Kouvarakis, A. Gaudichet, S. Caquineau, R. Losno, G. Malingre, J. P. Quisefit, F. Albers, M. Wirdth, M. Krautstrunk, “Characterization of tropospheric aerosols in the eastern Mediterranean from airborne and other measurements during the June 1997 STAAARTE campaign,” Ann. Geophys. 16, Suppl. IVC1157 (1998).
  10. R. B. Husar, M. Prospero, L. Stowe, “Characterization of tropospheric aerosols over the oceans with the NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer optical thickness operational product,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16,889–16,909 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Moulin, C. E. Lambert, F. Dulac, U. Dayan, “Control of atmospheric export of dust from North Africa by the North Atlantic Oscillation,” Nature (London) 387, 691–694 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. P. Alpert, Y. J. Kaufman, Y. Shay-El, D. Tanré, A. Da Silva, S. Schubert, J. H. Joseph, “Quantification of dust-forced heating of the lower troposphere,” Nature (London) 395, 367–370 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Lenoble, Atmospheric Radiative Transfer (Deepak, Hampton, Va., 1993).
  14. D. Tanré, P. Y. Deschamps, C. Devaux, M. Herman, “Estimation of the Saharan aerosol optical thickness from bluring effect in Thematic Mapper data,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 15,955–15,964 (1988). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Liang, H. Fallah-Adi, K. S. J. Jaja, Y. J. Kaufman, J. R. G. Townshend, “An operational atmospheric correction algorithms for Landsat Thematic Mapper imagery over the land,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17,173–17,186 (1997). [CrossRef]
  16. Y. J. Kaufman, C. Sendra, “Algorithm for automatic atmospheric corrections to visible and near-IR satellite imagery,” Int. J. Remote Sensing 9, 1357–1381 (1988). [CrossRef]
  17. B. N. Holben, E. Vermote, Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, V. Kalb, “Aerosol retrieval over land from AVHRR data—application for atmospheric correction,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 30, 212–222 (1992). [CrossRef]
  18. Y. J. Kaufman, L. Remer, “Detection of forests using mid-IR reflectance: an application for aerosol studies,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 672–683 (1994). [CrossRef]
  19. J. R. Herman, P. K. Bhartia, O. Torres, C. Hsu, C. Seftor, E. Celarier, “Global distribution of UV-absorbing aerosol from Nimbus 7/TOMS data,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16,911–16,922 (1997). [CrossRef]
  20. P. Y. Deschamps, F. M. Bréon, M. Herman, J. C. Buriez, J. L. Deuzé, A. Bricaud, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, G. Sèze, “The POLDER mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598–615 (1994). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Leroy, J. L. Deuzé, F. M. Bréon, O. Hautecoeur, M. Herman, J. C. Buriez, D. Tanré, S. Bouffiès, P. Chazette, J. L. Roujean, “Retrieval of atmospheric properties and surface bidirectional reflectances over land from POLDER/ADEOS,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17,023–17,037 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Sluster, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, Z. Smirnov, “AERONET-A federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterisation,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1–16 (1998). [CrossRef]
  23. E. Hamonou, P. Chazette, D. Balis, F. Dulac, X. Schneider, E. Galani, G. Ancellet, A. Papayannis, “Characterisation of the vertical structure of Saharan dust export to the mediterranean bassin,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 2257–2270 (1999).
  24. B. M. Herman, M. A. Box, J. A. Reagan, C. M. Evans, “Alternate approach to the analysis of solar photometer data,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2925–2928 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. K. D. Söderman, “Project Meduse final report,” (Mediterranean Research Center, Erice, Italy, 1998).
  26. F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, O. Gallery, J. H. Chetwynd, L. W. Abreu, J. E. A. Selby, R. W. Fenn, R. A. McClatchey, “Atmospheric transmittance/radiance: computer code lowtran 5,” (U. S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base, Mass., 1983).
  27. Y. Fouquart, B. Bonnel, M. C. Roquai, R. Santer, A. Cerf, “Observations of Saharan aerosols: results of ECLATS field experiment. I. Optical thicknesses and aerosol size distributions,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 26, 28–37 (1987). [CrossRef]
  28. D. Tanré, C. Devaux, M. Herman, R. Santer, “Radiative properties of desert aerosols by optical ground-based measurements at solar wavelengths,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 14,223–14,231 (1988). [CrossRef]
  29. P. Goloub, D. Tanré, J. L. Deuzé, A. Marchand, F. M. Bréon, “Validation of the first algorithm applied for deriving the aerosol properties over the ocean using the POLDER/ADEOS measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1586–1596 (1999). [CrossRef]
  30. M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, C. Devaux, P. Goloub, F. M. Bréon, D. Tanré, “Remote sensing of aerosols over land surfaces including polarization measurements and application to POLDER measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17,039–17,044 (1997). [CrossRef]
  31. G. Rondeaux, M. Herman, “Polarization of light reflected by crop canopies,” Remote Sens. Environ. 38, 63–75 (1991). [CrossRef]
  32. F. M. Bréon, D. Tanré, P. Lecomte, M. Herman, “Polarized reflectance of bare soils and vegetation: measurements and models,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 33, 487–499 (1995). [CrossRef]
  33. F. Nadal, F. M. Bréon, “Parametrisation of surface polarised reflectance derived from POLDER spaceborne measurements,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 1709–1718 (1999). [CrossRef]
  34. T. R. Loveland, A. S. Belward, “The IGBP-DIS global 1 km land cover data set, DIScover: first results,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 18, 3289–3295 (1997). [CrossRef]
  35. C. Moulin, C. E. Lambert, U. Dayan, V. Masson, M. Ramonet, P. Bousquet, M. Legrand, Y. J. Balkanski, W. Guelle, B. Marticorena, G. Bergametti, F. Dulac, “Satellite climatology of African dust transport transport in the Mediterranean atmosphere,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 13,137–13,144 (1998). [CrossRef]
  36. I. Jankowiak, D. Tanré, “Satellite climatology of Saharan dust outbreaks: method and preliminary results,” J. Clim. 5, 646–656 (1992). [CrossRef]
  37. C. Moulin, F. Guillard, F. Dulac, C. E. Lambert, “Long-term daily monitoring of Saharan dust load over ocean using ISCCP-B2 data. 1. Methodology and preliminary results for 1983–1994 in the Mediterranean,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16,947–16,958 (1997). [CrossRef]
  38. C. Moulin, F. Dulac, C. E. Lambert, P. Chazette, I. Jankowiak, B. Chatenet, F. Lavenu, “Long-term daily monitoring of Saharan dust load over ocean using ISCCP-B2 data. 2. Accuracy of the method and validation using Sun photometer measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 16,959–16,969 (1997). [CrossRef]
  39. C. Moulin, C. E. Lambert, J. Poitou, F. Dulac, “Long term (1983–1994) calibration of the Meteosat solar (VIS) channel using desert and ocean targets,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 17, 1183–1200 (1996). [CrossRef]
  40. D. Tanré, C. Deroo, P. Duhaut, M. Herman, J. J. Morcrette, J. Perbos, P. Y. Deschamps, “Description of a computer code to simulate the satellite signal in the solar spectrum: the 5S code,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 2, 659–668 (1990). [CrossRef]
  41. E. P. Shettle, R. W. Fenn, “Models for the aerosols of the lower atmosphere and the effects of humidity variations on their optical properties,” (U. S. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base, Mass., 1979).
  42. C. Moulin, X. Schneider, “Calibration of the Meteosat-5 sensor visible channel,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 195–200 (1999). [CrossRef]
  43. C. V. Vanderbilt, “Plant canopy specular reflectance model,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 23, 722–730 (1985). [CrossRef]
  44. J. L. Counil, T. Moriyama, “POLDER on ADEOS,” (Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales, Paris, 1994).
  45. D. Paronis, F. Dulac, P. Chazette, E. Hamonou, G. L. Liberti, “Aerosol optical thickness monitoring in the Mediterranean,” J. Aerosol Sci. 29, S671–S672 (1998). [CrossRef]
  46. N. Mihalopoulos, E. Stephanou, M. Kanakidou, S. Pilitsidis, P. Bousquet, “Tropospheric aerosol ionic composition in the Eastern Mediterranean region,” Tellus 49B, 314–326 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited