OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 1999
  • pp: 815–821

Incoherent-to-coherent conversion and square-law transmission based on photoinduced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin films

David Sánchez-de-la-Llave and Michael A. Fiddy  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 5, pp. 815-821 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.000815


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (194 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We review the main optical properties of bacteriorhodopsin that are relevant to its use as a spatial light modulator. A model is described for the transmittance of a film placed between crossed polarizers in which photoinduced birefringence occurs. We show when the transmittance is proportional to the write intensity. We use this property in a joint transform correlator for incoherent-to-coherent conversion and effective square-law modulation in the Fourier plane.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(100.1160) Image processing : Analog optical image processing
(100.4550) Image processing : Correlators
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators

History
Original Manuscript: September 11, 1998
Published: February 10, 1999

Citation
David Sánchez-de-la-Llave and Michael A. Fiddy, "Incoherent-to-coherent conversion and square-law transmission based on photoinduced birefringence in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Opt. 38, 815-821 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-5-815


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. Lindvold, P. Ramanujam, “The use of bacteriorhodopsin in optical processing: a review,” J. Indust. Sci. Res. 54, 55–66 (1995).
  2. N. Hampp, C. Brauchle, “Bacteriorhodopsin and its functional variants: potential applications in modern optics,” in Photochromism: Molecules and Systems, H. Dürr, H. Bonas-Laurent, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1990), Chap. 29, pp. 954–975.
  3. C. Brauchle, N. Hampp, D. Oesterhelt, “Optical applications of bacteriorhodopsin and its mutated variants,” Adv. Mater. 3, 420–428 (1991). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Joseph, F. J. Aranda, D. Rao, J. A. Akkara, M. Nakashima, “Optical Fourier processing using photoinduced dichroism in a bacteriorhodopsin film,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1499–1501 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. Hampp, R. Thoma, D. Oesterhelt, C. Brauchle, “Biological photochrome bacteriorhodopsin and its genetic variant Asp–Asn as media for optical pattern recognition,” Appl. Opt. 31, 1834–1841 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Hampp, C. Brauchle, D. Oesterhelt, “Bacteriorhodopsin wildtype and variant aspartate-96 asparagine as reversible holographic media,” Biophys. J. 58, 83–93 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Zhang, Q. Song, C. Tseronis, “Real-time holographic imaging with a bacteriorhodopsin film,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2429–2431 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Thoma, N. Hampp, C. Brauchle, D. Oesterhelt, “Bacteriorhodopsin films as spatial light modulators for nonlinear-optical filtering,” Opt. Lett. 16, 651–653 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Okamoto, I. Yamaguchi, S. Boothroyd, J. Chrostowski, “Novelty filter that uses a bacteriorhodopsin film,” Appl. Opt. 36, 508–511 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. Gu, C. Zhang, A. Niu, J. Li, G. Zhang, Y. Wang, M. Tong, J. Pan, Q. Song, B. Parsons, R. Birge, “Bacteriorhodopsin based photonic logic gate and its applications to gray level image subtraction,” Opt. Commun. 131, 25–30 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Birge, “Protein-based computers,” Sci. Am. 253(3), 90–95 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Aranda, R. Garimella, N. McCarthy, D. R. Rao, D. V. Rao, Z. Chen, J. Akkara, D. Kaplan, J. Roach, “All-optical light modulation in bacteriorhodopsin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 599–601 (1995). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Shelton, “Bacteriorhodopsin optoelectronic synapses,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1728–1730 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Takei, N. Shimizu, “Optical device with excitatory and inhibitory optical outputs,” Opt. Lett. 21, 537–539 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Q. Song, C. Zhang, R. Blumer, R. Gross, Z. Chen, R. Birge, “Chemically enhanced bacteriorhodopsin thin-film spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1373–1375 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Imam, L. R. Lindvold, P. S. Ramanujam, “Photoanisotropic incoherent-to-coherent converter using a bacteriorhodopsin thin film,” Opt. Lett. 20, 225–227 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. X. Chen, Z. Zhang, K. Chen, Q. Li, “Optical wavelet-matched filtering with bacteriorhodopsin films,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8413–8416 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. J. D. Sánchez-de-la-Llave, D. A. Pommet, M. A. Fiddy, “Novel joint transform correlator architecture using bacteriorhodopsin optically addressable spatial light modulators,” Opt. Eng. 37, 27–32 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. W. Stoeckenius, “The purple membrane of salt-loving bacteria,” Sci. Am. 234(6), 38–46 (1976). [CrossRef]
  20. R. Birge, “Nature of the primary photochemical events in rhodopsin and bacteriorhodopsin,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1016, 293–327 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. Lindvold, H. Imam, P. Ramanujam, “Spatial frequency response and transient anisotropy in bacteriorhodopsin thin films,” Opt. Rev. 2, 32–38 (1995). [CrossRef]
  22. N. Hampp, A. Popp, C. Brauchle, D. Oesterhelt, “Diffraction efficiency of bacteriorhodopsin films for holography containing bacteriorhodopsin wildtype BRWT and its variants BRD85E and BRD96N,” J. Phys. Chem. 96, 4679–4685 (1992). [CrossRef]
  23. J. Downie, D. Smithey, “Measurements of holographic properties of bacteriorhodopsin films,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5780–5789 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. F. Wang, L. Liu, Q. Li, “Readout of a real-time hologram bacteriorhodopsin film with high diffraction efficiency and intensity,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1697–1699 (1996). [CrossRef]
  25. D. Zeisel, N. Hampp, “Spectral relationship of light-induced refractive index and absorption changes in bacteriorhodopsin films containing wildtype BRWT and the variant BRD96N,” J. Phys. Chem. 96, 7788–7792 (1992). [CrossRef]
  26. N. M. Burykin, E. Ya. Korchemskaya, M. S. Soskin, V. B. Taranenko, T. V. Dokova, N. N. Vsevolodov, “Photoinduced anisotropy in bio-chromic films,” Opt. Commun. 54, 68–70 (1985). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited