A method is reported that makes use of holography to study the kinetics of the radical photopolymerization of acrylamide in a polyvinyl alcohol when the Kogelnik theory is applied. A mechanism of unimolecular termination by the radicals that initiate the polymerization reaction is postulated to calculate the quantum yield, the molar-extinction coefficient, the index of refraction, and the thickness of the film. The conversion percentage of monomers is obtained along with the ratio of rate constants of the mechanism of polymerization from the nonlinear fit of the transmittance curves, their angular response, and the temporal evolution of diffraction efficiency. Compared with previous holographic techniques, this method has the advantage of predicting these chemical parameters using all the data points of the temporal diffraction efficiency variation rather than being restricted to the linear zone of these curves. In this way the whole reaction process, not just the initial process, is taken into account.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 20, 1998
Revised Manuscript: October 22, 1998
Published: February 20, 1999
Salvador Blaya, Luis Carretero, Ricardo Mallavia, Antonio Fimia, and Roque Fernando Madrigal, "Holography as a technique for the study of photopolymerization kinetics in dry polymeric films with a nonlinear response," Appl. Opt. 38, 955-962 (1999)