A novel technique applicable to remote sensing has been developed for determination of the chemical composition of microdroplets. Enhancement of stimulated anti-Stokes–Raman scattering (SARS) by external seeding of stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) at the Stokes shift lowers the detection limit of the minority species in multicomponent microdroplets. The technique is most useful in the investigation of microdroplets that contain fluorophores that can obscure the SRS signal. The SARS signal is to the blue of the pump laser and out of the fluorescence region of the fluorophore. Information about majority and minority species in multicomponent microdroplets can be determined from the enhanced SARS signals.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(010.1100) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Aerosol detection
(190.3970) Nonlinear optics : Microparticle nonlinear optics
(290.5910) Scattering : Scattering, stimulated Raman
(300.6230) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
Victor E. Roman, Jürgen Popp, Mitchell H. Fields, and Wolfgang Kiefer, "Minority Species Detection in Aerosols by Stimulated Anti-Stokes-Raman Scattering and External Seeding," Appl. Opt. 38, 1418-1422 (1999)