A new laser technology that achieves nearly 100-nm quasi-continuous tuning with only injection-current control in a four-section grating-coupler sampled-reflector laser was used to detect CO and CO<sub>2</sub> simultaneously in room-temperature gas mixtures. The same grating-coupler sampled-reflector laser was used to perform <i>in situ</i> measurements of CO, H<sub>2</sub>O, and OH in the exhaust gases of a CH<sub>4</sub>–air flame. This laser is being evaluated for inclusion in a multispecies combustion-emissions exhaust-analysis sensor, and its operational characteristics as they have an impact on gas sensing are described. Preliminary results suggest that this single laser can be used to replace multilaser sensor configurations for some combustion-emissions monitoring applications.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(140.2020) Lasers and laser optics : Diode lasers
(280.1740) Remote sensing and sensors : Combustion diagnostics
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers
Bernard L. Upschulte, David M. Sonnenfroh, and Mark G. Allen, "Measurements of CO, CO2, OH, and H2O in Room-Temperature and Combustion Gases by Use of a Broadly Current-Tuned Multisection InGaAsP Diode Laser," Appl. Opt. 38, 1506-1512 (1999)