OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 1999
  • pp: 1704–1708

Generation of Self-Pumped Phase Conjugation from the-c Face of BaTiO3 with Femtosecond Pulses

Changxi Yang, Kaoru Minoshima, Katuo Seta, Hirokazu Matsumoto, and Yong Zhu  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 9, pp. 1704-1708 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.001704


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (763 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a new configuration of self-pumped phase conjugation in BaTiO<sub>3</sub> with 450-nm femtosecond pulses. The pump beam enters the −<i>c</i> face of the crystal at an acute angle with respect to the +<i>c</i> axis. This geometry is different from all known geometries of self-pumped phase conjugations in BaTiO<sub>3</sub>. Phase-conjugate reflectivity of 1.7% and a rise time of ~24 s are obtained at an average pump power of 10 mW. The ability of the phase conjugator to serve phase distortions correctly is demonstrated. We propose that the femtosecond phase conjugator operate with the hologram mechanism sharing as the double phase conjugator. The self-pumped phase-conjugate pulses are analyzed by femtosecond electric-field cross correlation.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(070.5040) Fourier optics and signal processing : Phase conjugation
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

Citation
Changxi Yang, Kaoru Minoshima, Katuo Seta, Hirokazu Matsumoto, and Yong Zhu, "Generation of Self-Pumped Phase Conjugation from the-c Face of BaTiO3 with Femtosecond Pulses," Appl. Opt. 38, 1704-1708 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-9-1704


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. See, for example, P. Günter and J.-P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications I and II, Vol. 62, Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989); P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).
  2. L. K. Lam, T. Y. Chang, J. Feinberg, and R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive-index gratings formed by nanosecond optical pulses in BaTiO3,” Opt. Lett. 6, 475–477 (1981).
  3. R. K. Jain and K. Stenersen, “Picosecond pulse operation of a dye laser containing a phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Lett. 9, 546–548 (1984).
  4. B. Monson, G. J. Salamo, A. G. Mott, M. J. Miller, E. J. Sharp, W. W. Clark III, G. L. Wood, and R. R. Neurgaonkar, “Self-pumped phase conjugation with nanosecond pulses in strontium barium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 15, 12–14 (1990).
  5. A. Brignon, J.-P. Huignard, M. H. Garrett, and I. Mnushkina, “Self-pumped phase conjugation in rhodium-doped BaTiO3 with 1.06-μm nanosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 22, 215–217 (1997).
  6. H. F. Yau, P. J. Wang, E. Y. Pan, J. Chen, and J. Y. Chang, “Self-pumped phase conjugation with picosecond and femtosecond pulses using BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 135, 331–336 (1997).
  7. H. F. Yau, P. J. Wang, E. Y. Pan, and J. Chen, “Self-pumped phase conjugation with femtosecond pulses by use of BaTiO3,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1168–1170 (1996).
  8. D. Rytz, B. A. Wechsler, M. H. Garrett, C. C. Nelson, and R. N. Schartz, “Photorefractive properties of BaTiO3:Co,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2245–2254 (1990).
  9. C. Yang, Y. Zhang, P. Yeh, Y. Zhu, and X. Wu, “Photorefractive properties of Ce:BaTiO3 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 113, 416–420 (1995).
  10. J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fisher, and A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in photorefractive crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982).
  11. J. Feinberg, “Self-pumped, continuous-wave phase conjugator using internal reflection,” Opt. Lett. 7, 486–488 (1982).
  12. T. Y. Chang and R. W. Hellwarth, “Optical phase conjugation by backscattering in barium titanate,” Opt. Lett. 10, 408–410 (1985).
  13. R. A. Mullen, D. J. Vickers, L. West, and D. M. Pepper, “Phase conjugation by stimulated photorefractive scattering using a retroreflected seeding beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1726–1734 (1992).
  14. Y. Zhu, C. Yang, M. Hui, X. Niu, J. Zhang, T. Zhou, and X. Wu, “Phase conjugation of BaTiO3:Ce by backward stimulated photorefractive scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2341–2343 (1994).
  15. S. X. Dou, H. Gao, J. Zhang, Y. Lian, H. Wang, Y. Zhu, X. Wu, C. Yang, and P. Ye, “Studies on formation mechanisms of self-pumped phase conjugation in BaTiO3:Ce crystals at wavelengths from 570 to 680 nm,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1048–1055 (1995).
  16. M. Cronin-Golomb, J. Paslaski, and A. Yariv, “Vibration resistance, short coherent length operation, and mode-locked pumped in passive phase conjugate mirrors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1131–1133 (1985).
  17. M. B. Danailov, K. Diomande, P. Apai, and R. Szipocs, “Phase conjugation of broadband laser pulses in BaTiO3,” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 5–9 (1998).
  18. C. Yang, Y. Zhang, X. Yi, P. Yeh, Y. Zhu, M. Hui, and X. Wu, “Intensity-dependent absorption and photorefractive properties in cerium-doped BaTiO3 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 78, 4323–4330 (1995).
  19. G. A. Brost, R. A. Motes, and J. R. Rotage, “Intensity-dependent absorption and photorefractive effects in barium titanate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1879–1885 (1988); P. Tayebati and D. Mahgerefteh, “Theory of the photorefractive effect for Bi12SiO20 and BaTiO3 with shallow traps,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1053–1064 (1991).
  20. H. Kröse, R. Scharfschwerdt, O. F. Schirmer, and H. Hesse, “Light-induced charge transport in BaTiO3 via three charge states of rhodium,” Appl. Phys. B 61, 1–7 (1995); U. van Stevendaal, K. Buse, S. Kämper, H. Hesse, and X. Krätzig, “Light-induced charge transport processes in photorefractive barium titanate doped with rhodium and iron,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 315–321 (1996).
  21. R. M. Brubaker, Y. Ding, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch, and A. M. Weiner, “Bandwidth-limited diffraction of femtosecond pulses from photorefractive quantum wells,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 2150–2158 (1997).
  22. J.-C. Diels and W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), Chap. 2.
  23. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1989), Chaps. 2 and 3.
  24. M. Zgonik, K. Nakagawa, and P. Gunter, “Electro-optic and dielectric properties of photorefractive BaTiO3 and KNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1416–1421 (1995).
  25. M. Cronin-Golomb, “Almost all transmission gratings self-pumped phase-conjugate mirrors are equivalent,” Opt. Lett. 15, 897–899 (1990).
  26. P. Yeh, “Coupled mode theory of hologram sharing model of MPPC,” Appl. Opt. 28, 1961–1964 (1989).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited