OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 1999
  • pp: 1814–1822

Diagnostics of an argon arcjet plume with a diode laser

Feng-Yuan Zhang, Kimiya Komurasaki, Teruhito Iida, and Toshi Fujiwara  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 9, pp. 1814-1822 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.001814


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (236 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The diode-laser absorption technique was applied for simultaneous velocity and temperature measurements of an argon plume exhausted by an arcjet. The Ar i absorption line at 811.531 nm was taken as the center absorption line. The velocity and the temperature were derived from the Doppler shift in the absorption profiles and the full width at half-maximum of the plume absorption profile, respectively. From the measured plume velocity and temperature, the total enthalpy of the exhausted plume, the thrust efficiency, and the thermal efficiency of the arcjet were derived, and the performance of the arcjet was examined. The results are demonstrated to agree with results derived by other methods, and the technique can be applied to the measurement of other arcjet systems without much modification.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(280.2490) Remote sensing and sensors : Flow diagnostics
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers
(350.5400) Other areas of optics : Plasmas

History
Original Manuscript: April 14, 1998
Revised Manuscript: December 7, 1998
Published: March 20, 1999

Citation
Feng-Yuan Zhang, Kimiya Komurasaki, Teruhito Iida, and Toshi Fujiwara, "Diagnostics of an argon arcjet plume with a diode laser," Appl. Opt. 38, 1814-1822 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-9-1814


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. M. Golz, M. Auweter-Kurtz, H. L. Kurtz, H. O. Schrade, “High power arcjet thruster experiments,” presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991.
  2. E. Tosti, W. D. Deininger, “Plume analysis of a 10 kW/N arcjet using emission spectroscopy,” presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991.
  3. J. G. Liebeskind, R. K. Hanson, M. A. Cappelli, “Laser-induced fluorescence diagnostic for temperature and velocity measurements in a hydrogen arcjet plume,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6117–6227 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Cruciani, M. J. Glogowski, W. D. Deininger, A. Trii, “Advanced laboratory model, 1 kW-class arcjet engine testing,” presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991.
  5. A. D. Gallimore, S.-W. Kim, J. E. Foster, L. B. King, F. S. Gulczinski, “Near and far-field plume studies of a 1 kW arcjet,” AIAA paper 94-3137, presented at the 30th Joint Propulsion Conference, Indianapolis, Ind., 27–29 June 1994 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 555 West 57th Street, New York, 1994).
  6. T. Yoshikawa, K. Onoe, S. Tsuri, M. Ishii, K. Uematsu, “Development of a low power arcjet thruster,” presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991.
  7. H. Tahara, N. Uda, Y. Tsubakishita, T. Yoshikawa, “Optical measurement and numerical analysis of medium-power arcjet non-equilibrium flowfields,” presented at the 23rd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Seattle, Washington, 13–16 September 1993.
  8. J. M. Sankovic, J. A. Hamley, T. W. Haag, “Hydrogen arcjet technology,” presented at the 22nd AIAA/AIDAA/DGLR/JSASS International Electric Propulsion Conference, Viareggio, Italy, 14–17 October 1991.
  9. C. E. Wieman, L. Hollberg, “Using diode lasers for atomic physics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1–20 (1991). [CrossRef]
  10. J. H. Miller, S. Elreedy, B. Ahvazi, F. Woldu, P. Hassanzadeh, “Tunable diode-laser measurement of carbon monoxide concentration and temperature in a laminar methane–air diffusion flame,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6082–6089 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. M. P. Arroyo, S. Langlogis, R. K. Hanson, “Diode-laser absorption technique for simultaneous measurement of multiple gasdynamic parameters in high-speed flows containing water vapor,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3296–3370 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. C. Rea, R. K. Hanson, “Rapid extended range tuning of single-mode ring dye lasers,” Appl. Opt. 22, 518–520 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. B. E. Grossmann, E. V. Browell, “Spectroscopy of water vapor in the 720-nm wavelength region, linestrengths, self-induced pressure broadenings and shifts, and temperature dependence of linewidths and shifts,” J. Mol. Spectrosc. 136, 264–294 (1989). [CrossRef]
  14. W. J. Kessler, M. G. Allen, S. J. Davis, “Rotational level–dependent collisional broadening and line shift of the A2Σ+–X2Π(1, 0) band of OH in hydrogen–air combustion gases,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 49, 107–117 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. K. C. Luck, W. Thielen, “Measurement of temperatures and OH- concentrations in a lean methane–air flame using high resolution laser-absorption spectroscopy,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer. 20, 71–79 (1978). [CrossRef]
  16. M. G. Mellon, Analytical Absorption Spectroscopy (Absorptimetry and Colorimetry) (Wiley, New York, 1965), pp. 78–114.
  17. A. C. Eckbreth, Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Temperature and Species (Abacus, Cambridge, Mass., 1988), pp. 137–300.
  18. G. F. Kirkbright, M. Sargent, Atomic Absorption and Fluorescence Spectroscopy (Academic, New York, 1974), pp. 17–52.
  19. Y. Nakamura, M. Ishiguro, “Ionization characteristics of arc-heated wind tunnel flow,” J. Jpn. Soc. Aeronaut. Space Sci. 43, 467–472 (1995).
  20. H. R. Griem, Plasma Spectroscopy (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1964), pp. 315–333.
  21. F. Y. Zhang, T. Fujiwara, K. Komurasaki, “Computerized tomography for reconstruction of the parameters of arcjet plume,” AIAA paper 99-0459, presented at the 37th AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 11–14 January 1999 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 555 West 57th Street, New York, 1999).
  22. Y. B. Zel’dovich, Y. P. Raizer, W. D. Hayes, R. F. Probstein, Physics of Shock Waves and High-Temperature Hydrodynamic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1966), pp. 107–172.
  23. W. M. Ruyten, D. Keefer, “Two-beam multiplexed laser-induced fluorescence measurements of an argon arcjet plume,” AIAA J. 31, 2083–2089 (1993). [CrossRef]
  24. G. A. Cook, Argon Helium and the Rare Gases (The Elements of the Helium Group) (Interscience, New York, 1961), pp. 65–155.
  25. C. E. Moore, Atomic Energy Levels (As Derived From the Analyses of Optical Spectra), Nat. Bur. Stand. (U.S.) Circ.467, Vol. 1, 211–222 (1949).
  26. F. M. Phelps, M.I.T. Wavelength Tables–Wavelengths by Element (MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.1991), Vol. 2, pp. 1–13.
  27. D. G. Fletcher, “Arcjet flow properties determined from laser-induced fluorescence of atomic nitrogen,” AIAA paper 98-0205, presented at the 36th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Reno, Nev., 12–15 January 1998 (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 555 West 57th Street, New York, 1998).
  28. F. Y. Zhang, T. Iida, K. Komurasaki, T. Hayashi, D. Kusamoto, T. Fujiwara, “Velocity measurement of arcjet plume with diode laser absorption technique,” Trans. Jpn. Soc. Aero. Space Sci. 40, 163–170 (1997).
  29. A. Mohamed, B. Rosier, D. Henry, Y. Louvet, P. L. Varghese, “Tunable diode laser measurements on nitric oxide in a hypersonic wind tunnel,” AIAA J. 34, 494–499 (1996). [CrossRef]
  30. R. J. Kee, F. M. Rupley, J. A. Miller, “Chemkin-II: a fortran chemical kinetics package for the analysis of gas-phase chemical kinetics,” (Sandia National Laboratory, Livermore, Calif., 1989).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited