OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 10 — Apr. 1, 2000
  • pp: 1555–1560

Fabrication of hollow waveguides for CO2 lasers

Yuichi Komachi, Moriaki Wakaki, and Genichi Kanai  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 10, pp. 1555-1560 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.001555


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (119 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Germanium-coated metal (silver, gold, and copper) hollow waveguides for CO2 laser energy delivery have been fabricated by electron-beam evaporation and plating techniques in which an acid-soluble glass mandrel with small surface roughness was used. The transmission characteristics of Ge-coated metal hollow waveguides were studied. Ge-coated Ag hollow waveguides showed smaller loss, 0.2 dBm, for CO2 laser light than Ge-coated Au and Cu waveguides. The transmission characteristics of Ge-coated Ag hollow waveguides were measured in relation to a core diameter and a bending radius.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3470) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, carbon dioxide
(160.2290) Materials : Fiber materials
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

History
Original Manuscript: September 15, 1999
Revised Manuscript: January 3, 2000
Published: April 1, 2000

Citation
Yuichi Komachi, Moriaki Wakaki, and Genichi Kanai, "Fabrication of hollow waveguides for CO2 lasers," Appl. Opt. 39, 1555-1560 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-10-1555


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. A. Harrington, C. Gregory, “Hollow sapphire fibers for the delivery of CO2 laser energy,” Opt. Lett. 15, 541–543 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. T. Abel, J. Hirsch, A. Harrington, “Hollow glass waveguides for broadband infrared transmission,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1034–1036 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Miyagi, A. Hongo, Y. Aizawa, S. Kawakami, “Fabrication of germanium-coated nickel hollow waveguides for infrared transmission,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 430–432 (1983). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Miyagi, Y. Shimada, A. Hongo, K. Sakamoto, S. Nishida, “Fabrication and transmission properties of electrically deposited germanium-coated waveguides for infrared radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, 454–456 (1986). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, A. Hongo, “Loss reduction of dielectric-coated metallic hollow waveguides for CO2 laser light transmission,” Opt. Laser Technol. 22, 141–145 (1990). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Hongo, K. Morosawa, T. Shiota, Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, “Transmission characteristics of germanium thin-film-coated metallic hollow waveguides for high-powered CO2 laser light,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1510–1515 (1990). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication of low-loss zinc-selenide coated silver hollow waveguides for CO2 laser light,” J. Appl. Phys. 68, 5463–5466 (1990). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, “Bending losses and beam profiles of zinc selenide–coated silver waveguides for carbon dioxide laser light,” Appl. Opt. 31, 6441–6445 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, “Er:YAG, CO, and CO2 laser delivery by ZnS-coated Ag hollow waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 32, 6598–6601 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Watanabe, H. Hiraga, Y. Abe, M. Miyagi, “Fabrication of silver hollow nickel waveguides with multiple inner dielectric layers by the outer-coating method,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1670–1672 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Kato, M. Ozawa, M. Miyagi, S. Abe, M. Aizawa, S. Onodera, “Loss characteristics of polyimide-coated silver hollow glass waveguides for the infrared,” Electron Lett. 31, 31–32 (1995). [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Matsuura, J. A. Harrington, “Hollow glass waveguides with CVD-deposited metal and dielectric-coatings,” in Biomedical Fiber Optics, J. A. Harrington, A. Katzir, eds., Proc. SPIE2677, 64–71 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Wang, A. Hongo, T. Shimomura, D. Miura, M. Miyagi, “Thickness and uniformity of fluorocarbon polymer film dynamically coated inside silver hollow glass waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 36, 2886–2892 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Miyagi, S. Kawakami, “Design theory of dielectric-coated circular metallic waveguides for infrared transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 116–126 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. K. Takatani, Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of loss behavior in the infrared in quartz hollow waveguides with rough inner surfaces,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4352–4357 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. Croitoru, J. Dror, I. Gannot, “Characterization of hollow fibers for the transmission of infrared radiation,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1805–1809 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited