OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 11 — Apr. 10, 2000
  • pp: 1826–1834

Three-dimensional optical data storage in a fluorescent dye-doped photopolymer

Mark M. Wang and Sadik C. Esener  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 11, pp. 1826-1834 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.001826


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (897 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose a new, to our knowledge, monolithic multilayer optical storage medium in which data may be stored through the diffusional redistribution of fluorescent molecules within a polymer host. The active portion of the medium consists of a photopolymer doped with a fluorescent dye that is polymerized at the focal point of a high-numerical-aperture lens. We believe that as fluorescent molecules bond to the polymer matrix they become more highly concentrated in the polymerized regions, resulting in the modulated data pattern. Since data readout is based on detection of fluorescence rather than index modulation as in other photopolymer-based memories, the problems of media shrinkage and optical scatter are of less concern. An intensity threshold observed in the recording response of this material due to the presence of inhibitor molecules in the photopolymer allows for the three-dimensional confinement of recorded bits and therefore multilayer recording. The nonlinear recording characteristics of this material were investigated through a simple model of photopolymerization and diffusion and verified experimentally. Both single-layer and multilayer recordings were demonstrated.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers
(210.0210) Optical data storage : Optical data storage
(210.4680) Optical data storage : Optical memories

History
Original Manuscript: December 2, 1998
Revised Manuscript: September 23, 1999
Published: April 10, 2000

Citation
Mark M. Wang and Sadik C. Esener, "Three-dimensional optical data storage in a fluorescent dye-doped photopolymer," Appl. Opt. 39, 1826-1834 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-11-1826


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. H. J. Rosen, K. A. Rubin, W. C. Tang, W. I. Imaino, “Multilayer optical recording (more),” in Optical Data Storage ’95, G. R. Knight, H. Ooki, Y. Tyan, eds., Proc. SPIE2514, 14–19 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. S. R. Chinn, E. A. Swanson, “Multilayer optical storage by low-coherence reflectometry,” Opt. Lett. 21, 899–901 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. E. Betzig, J. K. Trautman, R. Wolfe, E. M. Gyorgy, P. L. Finn, M. H. Kryder, C.-H. Chang, “Near-field magneto-optics and high density data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 142–144 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. B. D. Terris, H. J. Mamin, D. Rugar, “Near-field optical data storage,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 141–143 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, “Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,” Science 265, 749–752 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Psaltis, F. Mok, “Holographic memories,” Sci. Am. 273(5), 70–76 (1995). [CrossRef]
  7. J. H. Strickler, W. W. Webb, “Three-dimensional optical data storage in refractive media by two-photon point excitation,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1780–1782 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. A. Parthenopoulos, P. M. Rentzepis, “Three-dimensional optical storage memory,” Science 245, 843–845 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. M. Wang, S. C. Esener, F. B. McCormick, I. Çokgör, A. S. Dvornikov, P. M. Rentzepis, “Experimental characterization of a two-photon memory,” Opt. Lett. 22, 558–560 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Ueki, Y. Kawata, S. Kawata, “Three-dimensional optical bit-memory recording and reading with a photorefractive crystal: analysis and experiment,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2457–2465 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Kawata, R. Juskaitis, T. Tanaka, T. Wilson, S. Kawata, “Differential phase-contrast microscope with a split detector for the readout system of a multilayered optical memory,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2466–2470 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Dhar, K. Curtis, M. Tackitt, M. Schilling, S. Campbell, W. Wilson, A. Hill, C. Boyd, N. Levinos, A. Harris, “Holographic storage of multiple high-capacity digital data pages in thick photopolymer systems,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1710–1712 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, T. J. Bunning, “Bragg gratings in an acrylate polymer consisting of periodic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal planes,” Chem. Mater. 5, 1533–1538 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. G. J. Steckman, I. Solomatine, G. Zhou, D. Psaltis, “Characterization of phenanthrenequinone-doped poly(methyl methacrylate) for holographic memory,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1310–1312 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. W. S. Colburn, K. A. Haines, “Volume hologram formation in photopolymer materials,” Appl. Opt. 10, 1636–1641 (1971). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. S. Gyulnazarov, V. V. Obukhovskii, T. N. Smirnov, “Theory of holographic recording on a photopolymerized material,” Opt. Spectrosc. (Russia) 69, 109–111 (1990).
  17. G. Odian, Principles of Polymerization (Wiley, New York, 1991).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited