The use of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSEL’s) for optical detection of atmospheric oxygen is described. The VCSEL’s were custom designed for single-mode emission in the 763-nm wavelength range, with low noise and narrow optical linewidth. Using standard wavelength modulation spectroscopy and a second-harmonic detection scheme with a 1-m air path, we determined an oxygen concentration resolution of 0.2%. Because of its small size, low power dissipation, and good tunability characteristics, the VCSEL promises to be an attractive light source for use in compact, low-cost optical sensor microsystems for trace gas detection.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: September 15, 1999
Revised Manuscript: February 14, 2000
Published: May 20, 2000
Hans P. Zappe, Martin Hess, Michael Moser, Rainer Hövel, Karlheinz Gulden, Hans-Peter Gauggel, and Fabrice Monti di Sopra, "Narrow-linewidth vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for oxygen detection," Appl. Opt. 39, 2475-2479 (2000)