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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 18 — Jun. 20, 2000
  • pp: 3032–3043

Frequency-derived distributed optical-fiber sensing technique: theory and characterization

Farhad Parvaneh, Vincent A. Handerek, and Alan J. Rogers  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 18, pp. 3032-3043 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.003032


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Abstract

Frequency-derived distributed optical-fiber sensing is a method for remote measurement of the spatial distribution of linear birefringence in an optical fiber, allowing a corresponding measurement of those external measurands that influence this birefringence. The method employs a pump–probe scheme, which, by use of the optical Kerr effect, generates an optical modulation of the probe beam, with a modulation frequency whose temporal variation maps the spatial distribution of birefringence. We provide a complete theoretical analysis of this method by using Jones calculus and graphic representation on the Poincaré sphere. The relevant characterization of the technique and some experimental results are also presented; these show good agreement with the theory.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers

History
Original Manuscript: April 20, 1999
Revised Manuscript: December 8, 1999
Published: June 20, 2000

Citation
Farhad Parvaneh, Vincent A. Handerek, and Alan J. Rogers, "Frequency-derived distributed optical-fiber sensing technique: theory and characterization," Appl. Opt. 39, 3032-3043 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-18-3032


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References

  1. A. J. Rogers, Essentials of Optoelectronics (Chapman & Hall, London, 1997), Chap. 9, p. 314.
  2. A. J. Rogers, V. A. Handerek, “Novel methods for distributed optical fiber sensing,” in Distributed and Multiplexed Fiber Optic Sensors, A. D. Kersey, J. P. Dakin, eds., Proc. SPIE1586, 2–12 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Parvaneh, L. C. G. Valente, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, “Forward-scatter frequency-derived distributed optical fibre sensing using the optical Kerr-effect,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1080–1082 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. F. Parvaneh, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, “Frequency-derived remote measurement of birefringence in polarization-maintaining fiber by using the optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1346–1348 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Zhao, E. Bourkoff, “Nonlinear polarization coupling and its application to high resolution distributed fibre sensing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2198–2210 (1993). [CrossRef]
  6. R. Feced, S. E. K. Kanellopoulos, M. Farhadiroushan, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, “Analysis of optical Kerr induced coupling among polarization modes in high-birefringence optical fibres,” Opt. Commun. 143, 268–278 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Parvaneh, M. Farhadiroushan, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, “Single-shot distributed optical-fiber temperature sensing by the frequency-derived technique,” Opt. Lett. 22, 343–345 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Parvaneh, M. Farhadiroushan, V. H. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, “High-resolution optical-fibre distributed temperature sensor based on the frequency-derived technique,” Electron. Lett. 32, 2263–2264 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. S. U. Ahmed, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, “Characteristics and applications of birefringent-fiber Kerr couplers,” Appl. Opt. 33, 397–406 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. S. Kliger, J. W. Lewis, C. E. Randall, Polarized Light in Optics and Spectroscopy (Academic, London, 1990), Chap. 4, p. 72.
  11. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fibre Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, London, 1995), Chap. 7, p. 248.
  12. Ref. 10, Chap. 5, p. 114.
  13. I. P. Kaminow, “Polarization in optical fibres,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15–22 (1981). [CrossRef]
  14. R. Ulrich, S. C. Rashleigh, W. Eickhoff, “Bending induced birefringence in single-mode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 15, 273–275 (1980). [CrossRef]
  15. Ref. 11, Chap. 10, p. 412.
  16. W. A. Shurcliff, Polarized Light, Production and Use (Harvard U. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1962), Chap. 2, p. 16.

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