OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 39, Iss. 19 — Jul. 1, 2000
  • pp: 3276–3284

Adaptive optical array receivers for detection of surface acoustic waves

Todd W. Murray, Hemmo Tuovinen, and Sridhar Krishnaswamy  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 19, pp. 3276-3284 (2000)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (149 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Adaptive interferometric detection systems based on two-wave mixing in photorefractive crystals have been configured as distributed optical receivers. The spatial distribution of the detection laser power on the sample surface is controlled by use of phase gratings and amplitude masks. The responses of point, line, array, and chirped optical receivers to propagating surface acoustic waves (SAW’s) are discussed theoretically and demonstrated experimentally. It is shown that by use of different object beam footprints it is possible to configure adaptive holographic SAW receivers that are either broadband or narrow band and that are preferentially sensitive to SAW’s propagating in given directions. The receivers also allow for the distribution of laser power over the sample, eliminating the excessive heating or surface damage that can occur in some materials when high power, point-focused, detection lasers are used.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2880) Holography : Holographic interferometry
(110.7170) Imaging systems : Ultrasound
(120.4290) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Nondestructive testing
(190.7070) Nonlinear optics : Two-wave mixing

Original Manuscript: January 27, 2000
Revised Manuscript: March 31, 2000
Published: July 1, 2000

Todd W. Murray, Hemmo Tuovinen, and Sridhar Krishnaswamy, "Adaptive optical array receivers for detection of surface acoustic waves," Appl. Opt. 39, 3276-3284 (2000)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. B. Scruby, L. E. Drain, Laser Ultrasonics, Techniques and Applications (Adam Hilger, Bristol, UK, 1990).
  2. D. A. Hutchins, “Ultrasonic generation by pulsed lasers,” in Physical Acoustics, W. P. Mason, R. N. Thurston, eds. (Academic, New York, 1988), Vol. XVIII, pp. 21–143.
  3. J. W. Wagner, J. B. Spicer, “Theoretical noise-limited sensitivity of classical interferometry,” J. Opt. Am. B 4, 1316–1326 (1987). [CrossRef]
  4. A. D. W. McKie, J. W. Wagner, J. B. Spicer, C. M. Penny, “Laser generation of narrowband and directed ultrasound,” Ultrasonics 27, 323–330 (1989). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Harata, H. Nishimura, T. Sawada, “Laser-induced surface acoustic waves and photothermal surface gratings generated by crossing two pulsed laser beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 132–134 (1990). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Huang, S. Krishnaswamy, J. D. Achenbach, “Laser generation of narrow-band surface waves,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 92, 2527–2531 (1992). [CrossRef]
  7. M.-H. Noroy, D. Royer, M. Fink, “The laser-generated phased array: analysis and experiments,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 1934–1943 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Yang, N. DeRidder, C. Ume, J. Jarzynski, “Noncontact optical fibre phased array generation of ultrasound for non-destructive evaluation of materials and processes,” Ultrasonics 31, 387–394 (1993). [CrossRef]
  9. J. S. Steckenrider, T. W. Murray, J. W. Wagner, J. B. Deaton, “Sensitivity enhancement in laser ultrasonics using a versatile laser array system,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 97, 273–279 (1995). [CrossRef]
  10. T. W. Murray, J. B. Deaton, J. W. Wagner, “Experimental evaluation of enhanced generation of ultrasonic waves using an array of laser sources,” Ultrasonics 34, 69–77 (1996). [CrossRef]
  11. R. K. Ing, J. P. Monchalin, “Broadband optical detection of ultrasound by two-wave mixing in a photorefractive crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 3233–3235 (1991). [CrossRef]
  12. B. F. Pouet, R. K. Ing, S. Krishnaswamy, D. Royer, “Heterodyne interferometer with two-wave mixing in photorefractive crystals for ultrasound detection on rough surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3782–3784 (1996). [CrossRef]
  13. Ph. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, J. P. Monchalin, “Detection of ultrasonic motion of a scattering surface by photorefractive InP:Fe under an applied dc field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723–1734 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Paul, B. Betz, W. Arnold, “Interferometric detection of ultrasound at rough surfaces using optical phase conjugation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1569–1571 (1987). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, J. P. Monchalin, “Heterodyne detection of ultrasound from rough surfaces using a double phase conjugate mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3251–3253 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Tuovinen, T. W. Murray, S. Krishnaswamy, “Adaptive interferometric array-receivers for detecting surface acoustic waves,” in Nondestructive Characterization of Materials IX, R. E. Green, ed. AIP Conf. Proc.497, 461–466 (1999).
  17. H. Tuovinen, S. Krishnaswamy, “Directionally sensitive photorefractive interferometric line receiver for ultrasound detection on rough surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2236–2238 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. J. D. Kraus, D. A. Fleisch, Electromagnetics, with Applications (McGraw-Hill, Boston, Mass., 1999).
  19. T. W. Murray, K. C. Baldwin, J. W. Wagner, “Laser ultrasonic chirp sources for low damage and high detectability without loss of temporal resolution,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 102, 2742–2746 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited