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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 2000
  • pp: 3604–3611

Experimenting with Minnaert’s Cigar

Jan O. Mattsson, Lars Bärring, and Esben Almqvist  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 21, pp. 3604-3611 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.003604


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Abstract

We have studied the seldom-seen halo phenomenon that can arise in divergent light, Minnaert’s Cigar, which we produced in laboratory experiments and computer simulation. In the laboratory experiments halos or transections were produced in clouds of alum crystals precipitated in a solution of ethyl alcohol or in alum crystals deposited upon glass plates. The three-dimensional cigar form was less pronounced in our small-scale experiments than when the form was observed over several meters. In our experiments and simulations transections through Minnaert’s Cigar include different halo forms that may arise on window panes or windshields covered with halo-active ice crystals or as horizontal halos on glittering frost-covered ground.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(010.2940) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Ice crystal phenomena
(010.3920) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Meteorology

History
Original Manuscript: September 15, 1999
Published: July 20, 2000

Citation
Jan O. Mattsson, Lars Bärring, and Esben Almqvist, "Experimenting with Minnaert’s Cigar," Appl. Opt. 39, 3604-3611 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-21-3604

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