OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 2000
  • pp: 3664–3669

Frequency stabilization of a Ho:Tm:YLF laser to absorption lines of carbon dioxide

Grady J. Koch, Amin N. Dharamsi, Colleen M. Fitzgerald, and John C. McCarthy  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 21, pp. 3664-3669 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.003664


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (453 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A single-frequency Ho:Tm:YLF laser, operating at an eye-safe wavelength of 2 µm, has been developed with tuning characteristics optimized for spectroscopy of absorption features. The laser frequency was stabilized to three different absorption lines of carbon dioxide by a wavelength modulation technique. Long-term frequency drift has been eliminated from the laser, and shorter-term jitter has been reduced to within 13.5 MHz of the absorption line center. This stabilized laser is an ideal injection seed source for a differential absorption lidar system for measurement of atmospheric gases.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(280.1910) Remote sensing and sensors : DIAL, differential absorption lidar
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(300.6380) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, modulation

History
Original Manuscript: January 10, 2000
Revised Manuscript: April 11, 2000
Published: July 20, 2000

Citation
Grady J. Koch, Amin N. Dharamsi, Colleen M. Fitzgerald, and John C. McCarthy, "Frequency stabilization of a Ho:Tm:YLF laser to absorption lines of carbon dioxide," Appl. Opt. 39, 3664-3669 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-21-3664


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. P. Brockman, B. C. Barker, G. J. Koch, D. P. C. Nguyen, C. L. Britt, “Coherent pulsed lidar sensing of wake vortex position and strength, winds and turbulence in airport terminal areas,” in Tenth Biennial Coherent Laser Radar Technology and Applications Conference (Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, Ala., 1999), pp. 12–15.
  2. S. M. Hannon, H. R. Bagley, S. C. Soreide, D. A. Bowdle, R. K. Bogue, L. J. Ehrenberger, “Airborne turbulence detection and warning: ACLAIM flight test results,” in Tenth Biennial Coherent Laser Radar Technology and Applications Conference (Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, Ala., (1999), pp. 20–23.
  3. S. Cha, K. P. Chan, D. K. Killinger, “Tunable 2.1-µm Ho lidar for simultaneous range-resolved measurements of atmospheric water vapor and aerosol backscatter profiles,” Appl. Opt. 30, 3938–3943 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. M. Taczak, D. K. Killinger, “Development of a tunable, narrow-linewidth, cw 2.066-µm Ho:YLF laser for remote sensing of atmospheric CO2 and H2O,” Appl. Opt. 37, 8460–8476 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. G. J. Koch, R. E. Davis, A. N. Dharamsi, M. Petros, J. C. McCarthy, “Differential absorption measurements of atmospheric water vapor with a coherent lidar at 2050.532 nm,” in Tenth Biennial Coherent Laser Radar Technology and Applications Conference (Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, Ala., 1999), pp. 68–71.
  6. W. C. Edwards, L. P. Petway, C. W. Antill, “Performance improvements to the lidar atmospheric sensing experiment (LASE),” in Nineteenth International Laser Radar Conference, (available from NASA Center for Aerospace Information, University of Nebraska, Omaha, Neb., 1998), pp. 815–817.
  7. N. P. Barnes, J. C. Barnes, “Injection seeding. I: Theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2670–2683 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. A. N. Dharamsi, “A theory of modulation spectroscopy with applications of higher harmonic detection,” J. Phys. D 29, 540–549 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. J. M. Supplee, E. A. Whittaker, W. Lenth, “Theoretical description of frequency modulation and wavelength modulation spectroscopy,” Appl. Opt. 33, 6294–6302 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. M. Fitzgerald, G. J. Koch, A. M. Bullock, A. N. Dharamsi, “Wavelength modulation spectroscopy of water vapor and line center stabilization at 1.462 µm for lidar applications,” in Laser Diodes and LEDs in Industrial, Measurement, Imaging, and Sensors Applications II; Testing, Packaging, and Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers V, G. T. Burnham, X. He, K. J. Londen, S. C. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE3945, 98–105 (2000). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Ikegami, S. Sudo, Y. Sakai, Frequency Stabilization of Semiconductor Laser Diodes (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1995).
  12. A. Arie, M. L. Bortz, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, “Iodine spectroscopy and absolute frequency stabilization with the second harmonic of the 1319-nm Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1757–1759 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, C. Svelto, P. De Natale, “Frequency locking of tunable Er:Yb microlasers to absorption lines of 13C2H2 in the 1540–1550 nm wavelength interval,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2731–2733 (1997). [CrossRef]
  14. B. T. McGuckin, R. T. Menzies, C. Esporles, “Tunable frequency stabilized diode-laser-pumped Tm,Ho:YLiF4 laser at room temperature,” Appl. Opt. 32, 2082–2084 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. W. Henderson, C. P. Hale, “Tunable single-longitudinal-mode diode laser pumped Tm:Ho:YAG laser,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1716–1718 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. G. J. Koch, J. P. Deyst, M. P. Storm, “Single-frequency lasing of monolithic Ho,Tm:YLF,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1235–1237 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. P. Hale, S. W. Henderson, D. M. D’Epagnier, “Tunable highly-stable master/local oscillator for coherent lidar applications,” in Tenth Biennial Coherent Laser Radar Technology and Applications Conference (Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, Ala., 1999), pp. 115–118.
  18. L. S. Rothman, USF HITRAN-PC, Version 2.51 (Ontar Corporation, North Andover, Mass., 1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited