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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 39, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 2000
  • pp: 4047–4057

Temperature sensitivity of passive holographic wavelength-division multiplexers–demultiplexers

Xuegong Deng, Dechang An, Feng Zhao, Ray T. Chen, and Victor Villavicencio  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 23, pp. 4047-4057 (2000)

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We derive a set of concise formulas to characterize the temperature sensitivity of holographic wavelength-division multiplexers–demultiplexers (H-MUX’s–H-DMUX’s). The normalized parameters such as dispersion abilities, central wavelength shift rate, and variations of insertion loss hold for general grating-based wavelength-division multiplexing–demultiplexing (WDM–WDDM) structures. The results are applicable to both wide-WDM–WDDM and dense ones working in 800-, 1300-, and 1550-nm optical wavelength windows, regardless of whether their input–output ports are single-mode or multimode fibers. Detailed analysis and experiments are carried out on a fully packaged four-channel H-MUX–H-DMUX. The experimental results at temperatures from 25 to 80 °C fit nicely with the theoretical prediction. We conclude that passive grating-based H-MUX’s–H-DMUX’s are promising for meeting the requirements on temperature sensitivity in optical data communications and telecommunications. Most of the analysis can be applied to other types of Bragg-grating-based WDM–WDDM.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.0050) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction and gratings
(050.7330) Diffraction and gratings : Volume gratings
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.1810) Fiber optics and optical communications : Buffers, couplers, routers, switches, and multiplexers
(060.4230) Fiber optics and optical communications : Multiplexing

Original Manuscript: November 9, 1999
Revised Manuscript: May 11, 2000
Published: August 10, 2000

Xuegong Deng, Dechang An, Feng Zhao, Ray T. Chen, and Victor Villavicencio, "Temperature sensitivity of passive holographic wavelength-division multiplexers–demultiplexers," Appl. Opt. 39, 4047-4057 (2000)

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