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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2000
  • pp: 4247–4254

Influence of the environment reflectance on the ultraviolet zenith radiance for cloudless sky

Jacqueline Lenoble  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 24, pp. 4247-4254 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.004247


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Abstract

A three-dimensional Monte Carlo code is used to compute the ultraviolet zenith sky radiance; the code is validated by comparison with a successive-orders-of-scattering code. The amplifications of global irradiance, diffuse irradiance, and zenith radiance that are due to multiple reflectances between a snow-covered ground surface and the atmosphere are compared. For an inhomogeneous Lambertian surface, the contribution of the site environment is analyzed; it depends slightly on the atmospheric turbidity and on the surface reflectance distribution. However, in most cases one can expect approximately 12–15% of the reflected photon contribution to come from within 1 km about the observation site, 25–30% come from areas from 1 to 5 km from the site, 43–47% from 5 to 30 km, and still 10–15% reflected at larger distances. An average contribution function is proposed and used to compute an effective reflectance, which permits retrieval of the sky radiance within 2–4% with a one-dimensional model.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.5700) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Reflection
(260.2160) Physical optics : Energy transfer
(260.7190) Physical optics : Ultraviolet
(290.1310) Scattering : Atmospheric scattering
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering

History
Original Manuscript: January 18, 2000
Revised Manuscript: May 26, 2000
Published: August 20, 2000

Citation
Jacqueline Lenoble, "Influence of the environment reflectance on the ultraviolet zenith radiance for cloudless sky," Appl. Opt. 39, 4247-4254 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-24-4247

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