OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2000
  • pp: 4284–4291

Polar Cap Mesosphere Wind Observations: Comparisons of Simultaneous Measurements with a Fabry-Perot Interferometer and a Field-Widened Michelson Interferometer

Genene M. Fisher, Timothy L. Killeen, Qian Wu, J. Michael Reeves, Paul B. Hays, William A. Gault, Stephen Brown, and Gordon G. Shepherd  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 24, pp. 4284-4291 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.004284


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (157 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Polar cap mesospheric winds observed with a Fabry–Perot interferometer with a circle-to-line interferometer optical (FPI/CLIO) system have been compared with measurements from a field-widened Michelson interferometer optimized for E-region winds (ERWIN). Both instruments observed the Meinel OH emission emanating from the mesopause region (~86 km) at Resolute Bay, Canada (74.9 °N, 94.9 °W). This is the first time, to our knowledge, that winds measured simultaneously from a ground-based Fabry–Perot interferometer and a ground-based Michelson interferometer have been compared at the same location. The FPI/CLIO and ERWIN instruments both have a capability for high temporal resolution (less than 10 min for a full scan in the four cardinal directions and the zenith). Statistical comparisons of hourly mean winds for both instruments by scatterplots show excellent agreement, indicating that the two optical techniques provide equivalent observations of mesopause winds. Small deviations in the measured wind can be ascribed to the different zenith angles used by the two instruments. The combined measurements illustrate the dominance of the 12-h wave in the mesopause winds at Resolute Bay, with additional evidence for strong gravity wave activity with much shorter periods (tens of minutes). Future operations of the two instruments will focus on observation of complementary emissions, providing a unique passive optical capability for the determination of neutral winds in the geomagnetic polar cap at various altitudes near the mesopause.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(120.2230) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Fabry-Perot
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.4640) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical instruments

Citation
Genene M. Fisher, Timothy L. Killeen, Qian Wu, J. Michael Reeves, Paul B. Hays, William A. Gault, Stephen Brown, and Gordon G. Shepherd, "Polar Cap Mesosphere Wind Observations: Comparisons of Simultaneous Measurements with a Fabry-Perot Interferometer and a Field-Widened Michelson Interferometer," Appl. Opt. 39, 4284-4291 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-24-4284


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. T. L. Killeen, B. Nardi, P. N. Purcell, R. G. Roble, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, and D. Rees, “Neutral winds in the lower thermosphere from Dynamics Explorer-2,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 11, 1093–1096 (1992).
  2. P. B. Hays, V. J. Abreu, M. E. Dobbs, D. A. Gell, H. J. Grassl, and W. R. Skinner, “The high-resolution Doppler imager on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10,713–10,723 (1993).
  3. G. G. Shepherd, G. Thuillier, W. A. Gault, B. H. Solheim, C. Hersom, J. M. Alunni, J.-F. Brun, P. Charlot, L. L. Cogger, D.-L. Desaulniers, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattingert, F. Firod, D. Harvie, R. H. Hum, D. J. W. Kendall, E. J. Llewellyn, R. P. Lowe, J. Ohrt, F. Pasternak, O. Peillet, I. Powell, Y. Rochon, W. E. Ward, R. H. Weins, and J. Wimperis, “WINDII, the wind imaging interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite,” J. Geophys. Res. 98, 10,725–10,750 (1993).
  4. M. D. Burrage, D. A. Gell, P. B. Hays, A. R. Marshall, D. A. Ortland, W. R. Skinner, S. J. Franke, D. C. Fritts, P. Hoffman, A. H. Manson, C. MacLandress, R. Niciejewski, F. J. Schmidlin, G. G. Shepherd, W. Singer, T. Tsuda, and R. A. Vincent, “Validation of mesosphere and lower thermosphere winds from the high resolution Doppler imager on UARS,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 10,365–10,392 (1996).
  5. C. E. Meek, A. H. Manson, M. D. Burrage, G. Garbe, and L. L. Cogger, “Comparisons between Canadian prairie MF radars, FPI (green and OH lines) and UARS HRDI systems,” Ann. Geophys. 15, 1099–1110 (1997).
  6. G. Hernandez, R. W. Smith, G. J. Fraser, and W. L. Jones, “Large-scale waves in the upper mesosphere at Antarctic high latitudes,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 1347–1350 (1992).
  7. G. Hernandez, J. M. Forbes, R. W. Smith, Y. Portnyagin, J. F. Booth, and N. Makarov, “Simultaneous mesospheric wind measurements near South Pole by optical and meteor radar methods,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 1079–1082 (1996).
  8. J. P. Thayer, N. B. Nielsen, R. E. Warren, C. Heinselman, and J. Sohn, “Rayleigh lidar system for middle atmosphere research in the Arctic,” Opt. Eng. 36, 2045–2061 (1997).
  9. G. G. Sivjee, R. L. Walterscheid, and D. J. McEwen, “Planetary wave disturbances in the Arctic winter mesopause over Eureka (80N),” Planet. Space Sci. 42, 973–986 (1994).
  10. I. Oznovich, D. J. McEwen, G. G. Sivjee, and R. L. Walterscheid, “Tidal oscillations of the Arctic upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere in winter,” J. Geophys. Res. 102, 4511–4520 (1997).
  11. P. B. Hays, “Circle to line interferometer optical system,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1482–1489 (1990).
  12. W. A. Gault, S. Brown, A. Moise, D. Liang, G. Seller, G. G. Shepherd, and J. Wimperis, “ERWIN: an E-region wind interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2913–2922 (1996).
  13. G. M. Fisher, T. L. Killeen, Q. Wu, P. B. Hays, and J. M. Reeves, “Tidal variability of the geomagnetic polar cap mesopause above Resolute Bay,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 26, 573–576 (1999).
  14. S. Chapman and R. S. Lindzen, Atmospheric Tides (Gordon & Breach, New York, 1970).
  15. J. M. Forbes, “Atmospheric tides. 1. Model description and results for the solar diurnal component,” J. Geophys. Res. 87, 5222–5240 (1982).
  16. J. M. Forbes, “Atmospheric tides. 2. The solar and lunar semidiurnal components,” J. Geophys. Res. 87, 5241–5259 (1982).
  17. R. L. Walterscheid and G. Schubert, “A dynamical chemical model of fluctuations in the OH air-glow driven by migrating tides, stationary tides and planetary waves,” J. Geophys. Res. 100, 433–450 (1995).
  18. J. M. Forbes, N. A. Makarov, and Y. I. Portnyagin, “First results from the meteor radar at South Pole: a large 12-hour oscillation with zonal wavenumber one,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 3247–3250 (1995).
  19. R. L. Walterscheid, “Inertio-gravity wave induced accelerations of mean flow having an imposed periodic component: implications for tidal oscillations in the meteor region,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 9698–9706 (1981).
  20. S. H. Francis, “Lower atmospheric gravity modes and their relation to middle-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances,” J. Geophys. Res. 78, 8289–8295 (1973).
  21. Y. I. Portnyagin, J. M. Forbes, N. A. Makarov, E. G. Merzlyakov, and S. Palo, “The summertime 12-h wind oscillation with zonal wavenumber s = 1 in the lower thermosphere over the South Pole,” Ann. Geophys. 16, 828–837 (1998).
  22. G. Hernandez, R. W. Smith, and J. F. Conner, “Neutral wind and temperature in the upper mesopause above South Pole, Antarctica,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 19, 53–56 (1992).
  23. G. Hernandez, G. J. Fraser, and W. L. Jones, “Mesospheric 12 hour oscillation near South Pole, Antarctica,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 20, 1787–1790 (1993).
  24. G. Hernandez, R. W. Smith, and G. J. Fraser, “Antarctic high-latitude mesospheric dynamics,” Adv. Space. Res. 16, 71–80 (1995).
  25. J. M. Forbes, Tidal and Planetary Waves, the Upper Mesosphere and Thermosphere: A Review of Experiment and Theory, Geophysical Monograph 87, (American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1995).
  26. R. L. Walterscheid and G. G. Sivjee, “Very high frequency tides observed in the airglow over Eureka,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 3651–3654 (1996).
  27. R. L. Hillard and G. G. Shepherd, “Wide-angle Michelson interferometer for measuring Doppler line widths,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 362–369 (1966).
  28. D. Baker, A. Steed, and A. T. Stair, Jr., “Development of infrared interferometry for upper atmospheric emission studies,” Appl. Opt. 20, 1734–1746 (1981).
  29. G. Thuillier and M. Hersé, “Thermally stable field compensated Michelson interferometer for measurement of temperature and wind of the planetary atmospheres,” Appl. Opt. 30, 1210–1220 (1991).
  30. G. G. Shepherd, W. A. Gault, D. W. Miller, Z. Pasturczyk, S. F. Johnston, P. R. Kosteniuk, J. W. Haslett, D. J. W. Kendall, and J. R. Wimperis, “WAMDII: Wide angle Doppler imaging interferometer for Spacelab,” Appl. Opt. 24, 1589–1598 (1985).
  31. G. Hernandez, Fabry–Perot Interferometry (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, England, 1986), pp. 122–149.
  32. T. L. Killeen, B. C. Kennedy, P. B. Hays, D. A. Symanow, and D. H. Ceckowski, “Image plane detector for the Dynamics Explorer Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Appl. Optics 22, 3503–3513 (1983).
  33. D. Rees, A. H. Greenway, R. Gordon, I. McWhirter, P. J. Charleton, and A. Steen, “The Doppler imaging system: initial observation of the auroral thermosphere,” Planet. Space Sci. 32, 273–285 (1984).
  34. W. A. Gault, G. Thuillier, G. G. Shepherd, S. P. Zhang, R. H. Wiens, W. E. Ward, C. Tai, B. H. Solheim, Y. J. Rochon, C. McLandress, C. Lathuillere, V. Fauliot, M. Hersé, C. H. Hersom, R. Gattinger, L. Bourg, M. D. Burrage, S. J. Franke, G. Hernandez, A. Manson, R. Niciejewski, and R. A. Vincent, “Validation of O1S wind measurement by WINDII: the wind imaging interferometer on UARS,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 10,405–10,430 (1996).
  35. G. G. Shepherd, R. G. Roble, S. P. Zhang, C. McLandress, and R. H. Wiens, “Tidal influence on midlatitude airglow: comparison of satellite and ground-based observations with TIME-GCM predictions,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 14,741–14,751 (1998).
  36. G. Thuillier, V. Fauliot, M. Hersé, L. Bourg, and G. G. Shepherd, “The MICADO wind measurements for the Observatoire de Haute-Provence for the validation of WINDII green line data,” J. Geophys. Res. 101, 10,431–10,440 (1996).
  37. V. Fauliot, G. Thuillier, and M. Hersé, “Observations of the F-region horizontal and vertical winds in the auroral zone,” Ann. Geophys. 11, 17–28 (1993).
  38. M. D. Burrage, W. R. Skinner, and P. B. Hays, “Intercalibration of HRDI and WINDII wind measurements,” Ann. Geophys. 15, 1089–1098 (1997).
  39. D. Rees, A. Aruliah, T. J. Fuller-Rowell, V. B. Wickwar, and R. J. Sica, “Winds in the upper mesosphere at mid-latitude: first results using an imaging Fabry–Perot interferometer,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 17, 1259–1262 (1990).
  40. J. Wu, J. Wang, and P. B. Hays, “Performance of a circle-to-line optical system for a Fabry–Perot interferometer: a laboratory study,” Appl. Opt. 33, 7823–7828 (1994).
  41. R. G. Burnside, F. A. Herrero, J. W. Meriwether, and J. C. G. Walker, “Optical observations of thermospheric dynamics at Arecibo,” J. Geophys. Res. 86, 5532–5540 (1981).
  42. M. A. Biondi, “Measured vertical motion and converging and diverging horizontal flow of the midlatitude thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 11, 84–87 (1984).
  43. J. P. Thayer and T. L. Killeen, “Vorticity and divergence in the high-latitude upper thermosphere,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 18, 701–704 (1991).
  44. R. I. Crickmore, “A comparison between vertical winds and divergence in the high-latitude thermosphere,” Ann. Geophys. 11, 728–733 (1993).
  45. R. W. Smith and G. Hernandez, “Vertical winds in the thermosphere within the polar cap,” J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 57, 611–620 (1995).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited