We provide experimental results from the scattering of light by deformed liquid droplets and droplets with inclusions. The characterization of droplet deformation could lead to improved measurement of droplet size as measured by commercial aerodynamic particle-sizing instruments. The characterization of droplets with inclusions can be of importance in some industrial, occupational, and military aerosol monitoring situations. The nozzle assembly from a TSI Aerodynamic Particle Sizer was used to provide the accelerating flow conditions in which experimental data were recorded. A helium–neon laser was employed to generate the light-scattering data, and an externally triggered, pulsed copper vapor laser provided illumination for a droplet imaging system arranged orthogonal to the He–Ne scattering axis. The observed droplet deformation correlates well over a limited acceleration range with theoretical predictions derived from an analytical solution of the Navier–Stokes equation.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 10, 2000
Revised Manuscript: June 19, 2000
Published: September 20, 2000
David R. Secker, Paul H. Kaye, Richard S. Greenaway, Edwin Hirst, David L. Bartley, and Gorden Videen, "Light scattering from deformed droplets and droplets with inclusions. I. Experimental results," Appl. Opt. 39, 5023-5030 (2000)