The aspheric plate at the center of curvature of a spherical primary is replaced by a small aspheric corrector at a minified pupil located inside a reimaging camera. The correctors are identical for each reimaging camera because the spherical aberration of the primary sphere is identical and symmetrical for all field positions. The magnitude of the field aberrations is evaluated over a range of primary focal ratios and minified pupil diameters. The major term is the increased field angle through the minified aspheric corrector. The field and chromatic aberrations in such a camera are compared with the equivalent full-aperture Schmidt corrector. Field-of-view partitioning enables each subfield to be designed for specific observational requirements, such as multiple-fiber spectrography or CCD imaging. Field partitioning is shown to be a powerful means for the replacement of the large aspheric corrector of a Schmidt telescope by a multiplicity of small reimaging subsystems. The cost to fill the typical wide field of a Schmidt telescope with reimaging modules is approximately 1% the cost of a Schmidt aspheric plate.
© 2000 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: January 24, 2000
Revised Manuscript: June 26, 2000
Published: October 1, 2000
Aden B. Meinel and Marjorie P. Meinel, "Spherical primary telescope with aspheric correction at a small internal pupil," Appl. Opt. 39, 5093-5100 (2000)