OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 39, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2000
  • pp: 5337–5346

Edge enhancement and edge-enhanced correlation with photorefractive polymers

Partha P. Banerjee, Esam Gad, Tracy Hudson, Deanna McMillen, Hossin Abdeldayem, Donald Frazier, and Kenji Matsushita  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 29, pp. 5337-5346 (2000)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1792 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We demonstrate a simple all-optical realization of programmable edge enhancement and edge-enhanced correlation using novel photorefractive polymers. We show that the higher non-Bragg order in a two-beam coupling scheme contains the edge enhancement of the object when placed in the path of one of the incident beams. Also, this arrangement provides a scheme for writing joint transform correlation dynamic holograms, which can be read by a third beam. The correlation is edge enhanced, and the correlation peak increases with the applied bias voltage. Numerical results without and with beam fanning are presented. Theoretical predictions are reconciled with experimental results.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.2900) Holography : Optical storage materials
(100.2980) Image processing : Image enhancement
(100.4550) Image processing : Correlators
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(190.7070) Nonlinear optics : Two-wave mixing

Original Manuscript: January 14, 2000
Revised Manuscript: July 12, 2000
Published: October 10, 2000

Partha P. Banerjee, Esam Gad, Tracy Hudson, Deanna McMillen, Hossin Abdeldayem, Donald Frazier, and Kenji Matsushita, "Edge enhancement and edge-enhanced correlation with photorefractive polymers," Appl. Opt. 39, 5337-5346 (2000)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Gunter, J. P. Huignard, eds., Photorefractive Materials and Their Applications, I and II, Vols. 61 and 62 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988).
  2. S. Ducharme, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, W. E. Moerner, “Observation of the photorefractive effect in a polymer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1864–1849 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. W. E. Moerner, C. A. Walsh, J. C. Scott, R. J. Twieg, “Photorefractivity in doped nonlinear organic polymers,” in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Materials, K. D. Singer, ed., Proc. SPIE1560, 278–289 (1991).
  4. Y. Zhang, Y. P. Cui, P. N. Prasad, “Observation of photorefractivity in a fullerence-doped polymer composite,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 9900–9902 (1992). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. P. Cui, Y. Zhang, P. N. Prasad, J. S. Schildkraut, D. J. Williams, “Photorefractive effect in a new organic system of doped nonlinear polymer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2132–2134 (1992). [CrossRef]
  6. S. Ducharme, B. Jones, J. M. Takacs, L. Zhang, “Electric-field stabilization and competition of gratings in a photorefractive polymer,” Opt. Lett. 18, 152–154 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. B. Kippelen, K. Tamura, N. Peyghambarian, A. B. Padias, H. K. Hall, “Photorefractive effect in a poled polymer containing the tricyanovinylcarbazole group,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 3617–3619 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Zhang, C. A. Spencer, S. Ghosal, M. K. Casstevens, R. Burzynski, “Photorefractive properties of a thiapyrylium-dye-sensitized polymer composite,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 671–679 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. K. Matsushita, D. Miyazaki, A. Kouchi, “Photorefractive effect in polymer doped with PNP,” in Photorefractive Fiber and Crystal Devices: Materials, Optical Properties, and Applications III, F. T. Yu, S. Yin, eds., Proc. SPIE3137, 59–62 (1997).
  10. K. Matsushita, P. Banerjee, S. Ozaki, D. Miyazaki, “Multi-wave coupling in a high-gain photorefractive polymer,” Opt. Lett. 24, 593–595 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, R. J. Tweig, W. E. Moerner, “Amplified scattering in a high-gain photorefractive polymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 901–904 (1998). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Meerholz, R. Bittner, Y. De Nardin, “Field asymmetry of the dynamic gain coefficient in organic photorefractive devices,” Opt. Commun. 150, 205–209 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. B. L. Volodin, B. Kippelen, K. Meerholz, N. Peyghambarian, N. V. Kukhtarev, H. J. Caulfield, “Study of non-Bragg orders in dynamic self-diffraction in a photorefractive polymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2261–2267 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Huignard, J. Herriau, “Real-time coherent object edge reconstruction with Bi12SiO20 crystal,” Appl. Opt. 17, 2671–2672 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Feinberg, “Real-time edge enhancement using the photorefractive effect,” Opt. Lett. 5, 330–332 (1980). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Yu, H. Xu, Y. Yuan, K. Xu, “Real-time edge-enhancement using self-pumped phase conjugation in BaTiO3,” Opt. Commun. 79, 19–22 (1990). [CrossRef]
  17. H. Xu, K. Ku, L. Jiang, “Mechanisms of edge enhancement for the reconstructed object in ferroelectric crystals,” J. Harbin Instit. Technol. 4, 114–118 (1988).
  18. N. Vainos, R. Eason, “Real-time edge enhancement by active spatial filtering via five-wave mixing in photorefractive BSO,” Opt. Commun. 59, 167–172 (1986). [CrossRef]
  19. E. Ochoa, J. W. Goodman, L. Hesselink, “Real-time enhancement of defects using BSO,” Opt. Lett. 10, 430–432 (1985). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. White, A. Yariv, “Theory and applications of four-wave mixing in photorefractive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12–30 (1984). [CrossRef]
  21. I. Biaggio, J. Partanen, B. Al, R. Knize, R. Hellwarth, “Optical image processing by an atomic vapor,” Nature 371, 318–320 (1994). [CrossRef]
  22. L. Laycock, C. Petts, “Two-dimensional optical image processing for pattern recognition,” GEC J. Res. 1, 127–135 (1983).
  23. L. Laycock, M. McCall, C. Petts, “A compact real-time optical processing system,” GEC J. Res. 2, 82–87 (1984).
  24. H. Liu, “Self-amplified optical pattern-recognition technique,” Appl. Opt. 31, 2568–2575 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. C. Halvorson, B. Kraabel, J. Heeger, B. Volodin, K. Meerholz, N. Peyghambarian, “Optical computing by use of photorefractive polymers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 76–79 (1995). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Liang, L. Liu, S. Wu, Z. Wang, “Rotation and scale sensitivities of one-dimensional differential correlation,” Opt. Commun. 75, 219–224 (1990). [CrossRef]
  27. M. Liang, L. Liu, S. Wu, Z. Wang, “Comparison of discrimination capabilities of four types of correlation,” Opt. Commun. 75, 225–230 (1990). [CrossRef]
  28. M. Liang, L. Liu, S. Wu, Z. Wang, “Discrimination capabilities of a phase-only matched filter made from outline features,” Opt. Commun. 75, 231–234 (1990). [CrossRef]
  29. M. Alam, O. Perez, M. Karim, “Preprocessed multiobject joint transform correlation,” Appl. Opt. 32, 3102–3107 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. E. delRe, A. Ciattoni, B. Crosignani, M. Tamburrini, “Approach to space-charge field description in photorefractive crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1469–1475 (1998). [CrossRef]
  31. W. Moerner, S. Silence, F. Hache, G. Bjorklund, “Orientationally enhanced photorefractive effect in polymers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 320–330 (1994). [CrossRef]
  32. J. Feinberg, “A symmetric self-defocusing of an optical beam for photorefractive effect,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 46–51 (1982). [CrossRef]
  33. M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, “Optical limiters using photorefractive nonlinearities,” J. Appl. Phys. 57, 4906–4910 (1985). [CrossRef]
  34. R. Vazquez, F. Vachss, R. Neurgaonkar, M. Ewbank, “Large photorefractive coupling coefficient in a thin cerium-doped strontium barium niobate crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1932–1941 (1992). [CrossRef]
  35. A. Grunnet-Jepsen, C. L. Thompson, W. E. Moerner, “Systematics of two-wave mixing in a photorefractive polymer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 905–913 (1998). [CrossRef]
  36. Z. Wang, H. Zhang, C. Cartwright, M. Ding, N. Cook, W. Gillespie, “Edge enhancement by use of moving gratings in a bismuth silicon oxide crystal and its application to optical correlation,” Appl. Opt. 37, 4449–4456 (1998). [CrossRef]
  37. S. Zhong, J. Jiang, S. Liu, C. Li, “Binary joint transform correlator based on differential processing of the joint transform power spectrum,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1776–1780 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. B. Vijaya Kumar, L. Hassebrook, “Performance measures for correlation filters,” Appl. Opt. 29, 2997–3006 (1990). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited