OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 29 — Oct. 10, 2000
  • pp: 5374–5379

Optical Encryption of Digital Data

Linda E. M. Brackenbury and Kenneth M. Bell  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 29, pp. 5374-5379 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.005374


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (244 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Smart-pixel architectures, which use the cells of field-programmable gate arrays to provide electronic functionality and intraplane communication, offer a general-purpose approach to exploiting new application areas that would benefit from this kind of structure. One such area, that of the encryption of digital data, is discussed here. Some of the characteristics exhibited by encryption algorithms and ways in which these are applicable to smart-pixel technology are described. The implementation of an algorithm in current use, the SAFER K-64, and its interfacing to an electronic host are then considered in detail. It is shown that this encryption algorithm maps well onto smart-pixel technology because it involves only parallel data transfers, simple regular operations, and interconnections plus a relatively low rate of transfer to the host.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(200.0200) Optics in computing : Optics in computing
(200.3760) Optics in computing : Logic-based optical processing

Citation
Linda E. M. Brackenbury and Kenneth M. Bell, "Optical Encryption of Digital Data," Appl. Opt. 39, 5374-5379 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-29-5374


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. L. A. D’Asaro, L. M. F. Chirovsky, E. J. Laskowski, S. S. Pei, T. K. Woodward, A. L. Lentine, R. E. Leibenguth, M. W. Focht, J. M. Freund, G. D. Guth, and L. E. Smith, “Batch fabrication and operation of GaAs–AlGaAs field effect transistor–self-electro-optic effect device (FET-SEED) smart pixel arrays,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 670–676 (1993).
  2. K. Beyzavi, D. S. Kim, C. P. Chao, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, “A cascadable InGaAsPInP optoelectronic smart pixel with low switching energy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1162–1164 (1995).
  3. A. V. Krishnamoorthy and K. W. Goossen, “Progress in optoelectronic–VLSI smart pixel technology based on GaAs/AlGaAs MQW modulators,” Int. J. Optoelectron. 11, 181–198 (1997).
  4. R. Pu, E. M. Hayes, R. Jurrat, C. W. Wilmslen, K. D. Choquette, H. Q. Hou, and K. M. Geib, “VCSEL’s bonded directly to foundry fabricated GaAs smart pixel arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1622–1624 (1997).
  5. S. S. Sherif, S. K. Griebel, A. Au, D. Hui, T. H. Szymanski, and H. S. Hinton, “Field-programmable smart-pixel arrays: design, VLSI implementation, and applications,” Appl. Opt. 38, 838–846 (1999).
  6. J.-M. Wu, C. B. Kuznia, B. Hoanca, C.-H. Chen, and A. A. Sawchuk, “Demonstration and architectural analysis of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor/multiple-quantum-well smart-pixel array cellular logic processors for single-instruction multiple-data parallel-pipeline processing,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2270–2281 (1999).
  7. Xilinx, “Programmable Logic Data Book,” Xilinx Inc., San Jose, Calif., 1999.
  8. P. Refregier and B. Javidi, “Optical image encryption based on input plane and Fourier plane random encoding,” Opt. Lett. 20, 767–769 (1995).
  9. G. Unnikrishnan, J. Joseph, and K. Singh, “Optical encryption system that uses phase conjugation in a photorefractive crystal,” Appl. Opt. 37, 8181–8186 (1998).
  10. L. Larger, J.-P. Goedgebuer, and F. Delorme, “Optical encryption system using hyperchaos generated by an optoelectronic wavelength oscillator,” Phys. Rev. E 57, 6618–6624 (1998).
  11. A. J. Menezes, P. C. van Oorschot, and S. A. Vanstone, Handbook of Applied Cryptography (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1996).
  12. J. L. Massey, “SAFER K-64: a byte-oriented block-ciphering algorithm,” in Fast Software Encryption Cambridge Security Workshop (LNCS 809), R. Anderson, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994), pp. 1–17.
  13. J. L. Massey, “SAFER K-64: one year later,” in Fast Software Encryption, Second International Workshop (LNCS 1008), B. Preneel, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995), pp. 212–241.
  14. L. R. Knudsen, “A key-schedule weakness in SAFER K-64,” in Advances in Cryptology—Crypto’95 (LNCS 963), D. Coppersmith, ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1995), pp. 274–286.
  15. K. M. Bell, “Simulation and applications for optical smart-pixel computation,” M.Ph. thesis (Manchester University, Manchester, UK, 1999).
  16. A. W. Lohmann, W. Stork, and G. Stucke, “Optical perfect shuffle,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1530–1531 (1986).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited