OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 39, Iss. 5 — Feb. 10, 2000
  • pp: 714–720

Low-order adaptive optics for free-space optoelectronic interconnects

James Gourlay, Tsung-Yi Yang, Masatoshi Ishikawa, and Andrew C. Walker  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 5, pp. 714-720 (2000)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1291 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The concept of adaptive optics for improving the cost–performance of free-space optoelectronic interconnects is discussed. Adaptive optics as a design option for optical interconnect systems is presented and discussed. A practical demonstrator that performs low-order correction was built and tested. Slowly varying misalignments, including thermal effects, were compensated for in a 622-Mbit/s free-space optical data link.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(200.0200) Optics in computing : Optics in computing

Original Manuscript: May 24, 1999
Revised Manuscript: August 30, 1999
Published: February 10, 2000

James Gourlay, Tsung-Yi Yang, Masatoshi Ishikawa, and Andrew C. Walker, "Low-order adaptive optics for free-space optoelectronic interconnects," Appl. Opt. 39, 714-720 (2000)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. Malinverni, A. Frochel, Technology Roadmap: Optoelectronic Interconnects for Integrated Circuits (European Union Information Technologies Programme, Advanced Initiative in Microelectronics, Optoelectronics Interconnects for Integrated Circuits, 1998), see the website at http://www.cordis.lu/esprit/src/melop-rm.htm .
  2. S. K. Patra, J. Ma, V. H. Ozguz, S. H. Lee, “Alignment issues in packaging for free-space optical interconnects,” Opt. Eng. 33, 1561–1570 (1994). [CrossRef]
  3. V. N. Morozov, Y.-C. Lee, J. A. Neff, D. O’Brien, T. S. McLaren, H. Zhou, “Tolerance analysis for three-dimensional optoelectronic system packaging,” Opt. Eng. 35, 2034–2043 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. A. K. Ghosh, “Alignment considerations in the package design of optical interconnect systems,” IETE Tech. Rev. 13, 163–177 (1996).
  5. E. W. Williams, The CD-ROM and Optical Disk Recording Systems (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1994).
  6. M. C. Roggemann, B. M. Welsh, R. Q. Fugate, “Improving the resolution of ground-based telescopes,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 437–505 (1997). [CrossRef]
  7. K. Hirabayashi, T. Yamamoto, S. Matsuo, S. Hino, “Board-to-board free-space optical interconnects passing through boards for a bookshelf-assembled terabit-per-second-class ATM switch,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2985–2995 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. G. C. Boisset, B. Robertson, H. S. Hinton, “Design and construction of an active alignment demonstrator for a free-space optical interconnect,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 676–678 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. G. C. Boisset, D. R. Rolston, B. Robertson, Y. S. Liu, R. Iyer, D. Kabal, “In-situ measurement of misalignment errors in free-space optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 847–858 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Gourlay, G. D. Love, P. M. Birch, R. M. Sharples, A. Purvis, “A real-time closed-loop liquid crystal adaptive optics system: first results,” Opt. Commun. 137, 17–21 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. G. V. Vdovin, P. M. Sarro, “Flexible mirror micromachined in silicon,” Appl. Opt. 34, 2968–2972 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Gourlay, J. A. B. Dines, J. F. Snowdon, A. C. Walker, “Development of free-space digital optics in computing,” IEEE Comput. 31, 38–44 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. F. B. McCormick, F. A. P. Tooley, J. L. Brubaker, J. M. Sasian, T. J. Cloonan, A. L. Lentine, R. L. Morrison, R. J. Crisci, S. L. Walker, S. J. Hinterlong, M. J. Herron, “Optomechanics of a free-space photonic switching fabric: the system,” in Optomechanics and Dimensional Stability, R. A. Paquin, D. Vukobratovich, eds., Proc. SPIE1533, 97–114 (1991). [CrossRef]
  14. A. C. Walker, T. Yang, J. Gourlay, J. A. B. Dines, M. G. F. Forbes, S. M. Prince, D. A. Baillie, D. T. Nelson, R. Williams, L. C. Wilkinson, G. R. Smith, M. P. Y. Desmulliez, B. S. Buller, M. R. Taghizadeh, A. Waddie, I. Underwood, C. R. Stanley, F. Pottier, B. Vogele, W. Sibbett, “Optoelectronic systems based on InGaAs/CMOS smart-pixel arrays and free-space optical interconnects,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2823–2830 (1998). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. Lui, B. Robertson, G. C. Boisset, M. H. Ayliffe, R. Iyer, D. V. Plant, “Design, implementation, and characterization of a hybrid optical interconnect for a four-stage free-space optical backplane demonstrator,” Appl. Opt. 37, 2895–2914 (1998). [CrossRef]
  16. M. Naruse, Department of Mathematical Engineering and Information Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113, Japan (personal communication, 20July1998).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited