OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2000
  • pp: 1241–1250

Scene-Based Nonuniformity Correction with Video Sequences and Registration

Russell C. Hardie, Majeed M. Hayat, Earnest Armstrong, and Brian Yasuda  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 8, pp. 1241-1250 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.001241


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2688 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe a new, to our knowledge, scene-based nonuniformity correction algorithm for array detectors. The algorithm relies on the ability to register a sequence of observed frames in the presence of the fixed-pattern noise caused by pixel-to-pixel nonuniformity. In low-to-moderate levels of nonuniformity, sufficiently accurate registration may be possible with standard scene-based registration techniques. If the registration is accurate, and motion exists between the frames, then groups of independent detectors can be identified that observe the same irradiance (or true scene value). These detector outputs are averaged to generate estimates of the true scene values. With these scene estimates, and the corresponding observed values through a given detector, a curve-fitting procedure is used to estimate the individual detector response parameters. These can then be used to correct for detector nonuniformity. The strength of the algorithm lies in its simplicity and low computational complexity. Experimental results, to illustrate the performance of the algorithm, include the use of visible-range imagery with simulated nonuniformity and infrared imagery with real nonuniformity.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.1240) Detectors : Arrays
(040.2480) Detectors : FLIR, forward-looking infrared
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.3020) Image processing : Image reconstruction-restoration

Citation
Russell C. Hardie, Majeed M. Hayat, Earnest Armstrong, and Brian Yasuda, "Scene-Based Nonuniformity Correction with Video Sequences and Registration," Appl. Opt. 39, 1241-1250 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-8-1241


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. A. F. Milton, F. R. Barone, and M. R. Kruer, “Influence of nonuniformity on infrared focal plane array performance,” Opt. Eng. 24, 855–862 (1985).
  2. G. C. Holst, CCD Arrays, Cameras, and Displays (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1996).
  3. D. A. Scribner, K. A. Sarkay, J. T. Caulfield, M. R. Kruer, G. Katz, and C. J. Gridley, “Nonuniformity correction for staring IR focal plane arrays using scene-based techniques,” in Infrared Detectors and Focal Plane Arrays, E. L. Dereniak and R. E. Sampson, eds., Proc. SPIE 1308, 224–233 (1990).
  4. D. A. Scribner, M. R. Kruer, and J. C. Gridley, “Physical limitations to nonuniformity correction in focal plane arrays,” in Technologies for Optoelectronics, J. M. Bulabois and R. F. Potter, eds., Proc. SPIE 869, 185–201 (1987).
  5. D. L. Perry and E. L. Dereniak, “Linear theory of nonuniformity correction in infrared staring sensors,” Opt. Eng. 32, 1853–1859 (1993).
  6. M. Schulz and L. Caldwell, “Nonuniformity correction and correctability of infrared focal plane arrays,” Inf. Phys. Technol. 36, 763–777 (1995).
  7. D. A. Scribner, K. A. Sarkady, M. R. Kruer, J. T. Caulfield, J. D. Hunt, M. Colbert, and M. Descour, “Adaptive retina-like preprocessing for imaging detector arrays,” in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1993), pp. 1955–1960.
  8. D. Scribner, K. Sarkady, M. Kruer, J. Caulfield, J. Hunt, M. Colbert, and M. Descour, “Adaptive nonuniformity correction for infrared focal plane arrays using neural networks,” in Infrared Sensors: Detectors, Electronics, and Signal Processing, T. S. Jayadev, ed., Proc. SPIE 1541, 100–110 (1991).
  9. W. F. O’Neil, “Dithered scan detector compensation,” in Proceedings of the 1993 Meeting of the Infrared Information Symposium (IRIS) Specialty Group on Passive Sensors (Infrared Information Analysis Center, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1993).
  10. W. F. O’Neil, “Experimental verification of dithered scan non-uniformity correction,” in Proceedings of the 1996 Meeting of the Infrared Information Symposium (IRIS) Specialty Group on Passive Sensors (Infrared Information Analysis Center, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1997), Vol. 1, pp. 329–339.
  11. P. M. Narendra and N. A. Foss, “Shutterless fixed pattern noise correction for infrared imaging arrays,” in Technical Issues in Focal Plane Development W. S. Chan and E. Krikorian, eds., Proc. SPIE 282, 44–51 (1981).
  12. J. G. Harris, “Continuous-time calibration of VLSI sensors for gain and offset variations,” in International Symposium on Aerospace and Dual-Use Photonics, Smart Focal Plane Arrays and Focal Plane Array Testing, M. Wigdor and M. A. Massie, eds. Proc. SPIE 2474, 23–33 (1995).
  13. J. G. Harris and Y.-M. Chiang, “Nonuniformity correction using constant average statistics constraint: analog and digital implementations,” in Infrared Technology and Applications XXIII, B. F. Anderson and M. Strojnik, eds. Proc. SPIE 3061, 895–905 (1997).
  14. S. Cain, E. Armstrong, and B. Yasuda, “Joint estimation of image, shifts, and non-uniformities from infrared images,” in Proceedings of the 1997 Meeting of the Infrared Information Symposium (IRIS) Specialty Group on Passive Sensors (Infrared Information Analysis Center, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1997), Vol. 1, pp. 121–132.
  15. M. M. Hayat, S. N. Torres, E. Armstrong, S. C. Cain, and B. Yasuda, “Statistical algorithm for nonuniformity correction in focal-plane arrays,” Appl. Opt. 38, 772–780 (1999).
  16. M. Irani and S. Peleg, “Improving resolution by image registration,” CVGIP: Graph. Models Image Process. 53, 231–239 (1991).
  17. R. C. Hardie, K. J. Barnard, J. G. Bognar, E. E. Armstrong, and E. A. Watson, “High resolution image reconstruction from a sequence of rotated and translated frames and its application to an infrared imaging system,” Opt. Eng. 37, 247–260 (1998).
  18. C. W. Therrien, Discrete Random Signals and Statistical Signal Processing (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1992).
  19. E. E. Armstrong, M. M. Hayat, R. C. Hardie, S. Torres, and B. Yasuda, “The advantage of non-uniformity correction pre-processing on infrared image registration,” in Applications of Digital Image Processing XXII, A. G. Tescher and Lockheed Martin Mission Systems, eds., Proc. SPIE 3808, 156–161 (1999).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited