For holographic gratings requiring an extreme dispersion, I consider a modified Rowland mounting, in which the recording laser sources are moved away from the grating, to reduce the uncorrected higher-order aberrations. In addition, I choose the geometric parameters such that first-type coma is corrected. Then a plane multimode deformable mirror (MDM) or two auxiliary spherical holographic gratings (R3 device) are used to aberrate the grating’s recording sources; correction up to the fourth order is sufficient to obtain high image quality. Applied to the FUSE–Lyman (FUSE is Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer) grating, with a groove density as high as 5767 grooves/mm, these recording devices produce a resolution (chromatic resolving power) as great as 611,000 with the MDM and 3,030,000 with the R3 device. These results far exceed the specified performance of 30,000. Since diffraction limits the resolution to 482,000, the images are diffraction limited with both devices.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
Michel Duban, "High-Dispersion Spherical Holographic Gratings in a Modified Rowland Mounting," Appl. Opt. 40, 1599-1608 (2001)